Judgment of the Court (First Chamber) of 22 December 2010.

Barbara Mercredi v Richard Chaffe.

Reference for a preliminary ruling: Court of Appeal (England & Wales) (Civil Division) - United Kingdom.

Judicial cooperation in civil matters - Regulation (EC) No 2201/2003 - Matrimonial matters and parental responsibility - Child whose parents are not married - Concept of ‘habitual residence’ of an infant - Concept of ‘rights of custody’.

Case C-497/10 PPU.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
19/02/2011 Mercredi
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2010:829
22/12/2010 Mercredi
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2010:829
22/12/2010 Mercredi
View
ECLI:EU:C:2010:738
06/12/2010 Mercredi
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
04/12/2010 Mercredi
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2010 I-14309

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

Information not available


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (1991) -A104TER : paragraph 37
  • Regulation 2201/2003 : paragraph 1
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A02 : paragraph 6
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A02P1 : paragraph 58
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A08 : paragraphs 7, 36, 41, 56, 66, 70
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A08P1 : paragraphs 42, 47
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A09 : paragraph 59
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A10 : paragraphs 8, 36, 41, 56, 58, 61
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A11 : paragraph 59
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A11P8 : paragraph 9
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A13 : paragraph 57
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A13P1 : paragraph 10
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A16 : paragraphs 11, 43
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A19 : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A19P2 : paragraph 68
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A60LE : paragraph 13
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A62 : paragraph 15
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -C12 : paragraph 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -327/82 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -98/07 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -523/07 : paragraphs 45, 47 - 50

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 2201/2003 -A08
  • Interprets : Regulation 2201/2003 -A10
  • Interprets : Regulation 2201/2003 -A13

Opinion

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 7 : points 91, 128
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 24 : points 4, 91, 128
  • TFEU, Article 267 : point 134
  • Regulation 1347/2000 : point 1
  • Regulation 1347/2000 -A11P4 : point 54
  • Regulation 1348/2000 : point 55
  • Regulation 2201/2003 : points 1, 3, 49, 50, 53, 56, 57, 60, 61, 64, 68, 82, 91, 94, 97, 101, 103, 127, 128, 135, 145, 157, 161, 164, 166
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A01P2LA : point 140
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A02PT11 : points 7, 124, 126, 138, 143, 147, 168
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A02PT7 : points 142, 143, 147, 168
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A02PT9 : points 138, 142, 147, 168
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A08 : points 8, 44, 58, 154
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A08P1 : points 51, 59, 62, 66, 95, 98, 99
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A08P2 : points 59, 98, 99
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A09 : points 9, 51, 72, 73, 76, 78, 98, 99
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A09P1 : point 74
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A10 : points 10, 44, 51, 58, 77, 98, 99, 115, 116, 120, 126, 129, 131, 136, 137, 140, 141, 147, 148, 152 - 155, 159, 162, 167, 168
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A10P1 : point 149
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A11 : points 11, 116, 117, 119, 120, 136, 137, 140, 141, 147, 154, 162, 168
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A11P8 : points 156, 163
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A12 : points 51, 98, 99, 106
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A13 : points 12, 51, 100, 104, 105, 109, 110, 114, 168
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A13P1 : point 106
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A14 : points 51, 100
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A15 : points 51, 100, 113, 114, 149, 168
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A15P2 : point 112
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A15P4 : point 111
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A15P5 : point 111
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A16 : points 55, 104, 149
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A16LA : point 54
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A17 : points 102, 152
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A19 : point 150
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A19P2 : points 13, 96, 148, 152, 154, 160, 165, 167, 168
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A19P3 : point 13
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A20 : point 155
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A24 : point 14
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A60LE : points 15, 151
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A62 : point 151
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -C12 : points 5, 63
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -C15 : point 55
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -C33 : point 5
  • Regulation 1393/2007 : point 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/69 : point 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -30/77 : point 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -129/83 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -486/04 : point 144
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -255/05 : point 144
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -247/06 : point 144
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -523/07 : point 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -523/07 : points 2, 61 - 70, 79 - 81, 89, 99, 104, 144
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -261/08 : point 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -340/08 : point 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -569/08 : point 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -256/09 : point 103
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -400/10 : points 127, 128, 138, 139, 141


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 18/10/2010

Date of the Opinion

  • 06/12/2010

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

22/12/2010


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 328 from 04.12.2010, p.26

Judgment: OJ C 55 from 19.02.2011, p.17

Name of the parties

Mercredi

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Alvarez González, Santiago: Revista española de Derecho Internacional 2010 p.251-254 (ES)
  2. Henrich, Dieter: Zeitschrift für das gesamte Familienrecht 2011 p.620-621 (DE)
  3. Idot, Laurence: Compétence en cas de déplacement d'enfant et résidence habituelle, Europe 2011 Mars Comm. nº 3 p.26 (FR)
  4. Mankowski, Peter: Der gewöhnliche Aufenthalt eines verbrachten Kindes unter der Brüssel IIa-VO - Anmerkung zu EuGH, Urt. v. 22.12.2010 - Rs. C-497/10 PPU, Zeitschrift für Gemeinschaftsprivatrecht 2011 p.209-213 (DE)
  5. De Boer, Th.M.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2011 nº 500 (NL)
  6. Siehr, Kurt: Kindesentführung und EuEheVO - Vorfragen und gewöhnlicher Aufenthalt im Europäischen Kollisionsrecht, Praxis des internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts 2012 p.316-320 (DE)
  7. Benko, Radoslav: Rozsudok "MERCREDI", Výber z rozhodnutí Súdneho dvora Európskych spoločenstiev 2012 nº 3 p.29-32 (SK)
  8. Bouček, Vilim: Uobičajeno boravište u hrvatskom međunarodnom privatnom pravu, Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu 2015 n° 6 p.885-914 (HR)
  9. Bouček, Vilim: Uobičajeno boravište u europskome međunarodnom privatnom pravu, Pravo i porezi 2016 n° 1 p.40-48 (HR)
  10. Pailler, Ludovic: La portée de l'obligation de reconnaître une décision relative à la garde d'un enfant émanant de la juridiction de l'État membre dans lequel l'enfant a été déplacé en application du réglement n° 2201/2003 "Bruxelles II bis", Journal du droit international 2016 N°2 p.593-603 (FR)
  11. Egea, Vincent ; Guinchard , Emmanuel: Espace judiciaire européen en matière civile, Revue trimestrielle de droit européen 2017 n°4 p.849-852 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Court of Appeal (England & Wales) (Civil Division) - United Kingdom

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters

Provisions of national law referred to

Children Act 1989, section 8 Family Law Act 1986, section 2; section 3

Provisions of international law referred to

Convention de La Haye sur les aspects civils de l’enlèvement international d’enfants (25/10/1980), articles 3 et 5 Convention européenne de sauvegarde des Droits de l'Homme et des Libertés fondamentales (04/11/1950), article 8

Procedure and result

  • Preliminary reference - urgent procedure

Formation of the Court

première chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Levits

Advocate General

Cruz Villalón

Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French