Judgment of the Court (Second Chamber), 11 July 2013

Amazon.com International Sales Inc. and Others v Austro-Mechana Gesellschaft zur Wahrnehmung mechanisch-musikalischer Urheberrechte Gesellschaft mbH

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Oberster Gerichtshof

Approximation of laws — Intellectual property — Copyright and related rights — Exclusive right of reproduction — Directive 2001/29/EC — Article 5(2)(b) — Fair compensation — Indiscriminate application with a possible right to recovery of the private copying levy intended to finance compensation — Payment of the revenue collected in part to rightholders and in part to social or cultural institutions — Double payment of the private copying levy in the context of a cross-border transaction

Case C‑521/11


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
09/08/2013 Amazon.com International Sales and Others
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2013:515
11/07/2013 Amazon.com International Sales and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2013:515
11/07/2013 Amazon.com International Sales and Others
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2013:145
07/03/2013 Amazon.com International Sales and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
13/01/2012 Amazon.com International Sales and Others
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Oberster Gerichtshof – Interpretation of Articles 2 and 5 of Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society (OJ 2001 L 167, p. 10) – Reproduction right – Interpretation of the notion of "fair compensation" in Article 5(2)(b) of Directive 2001/29/EC – Legislation of a Member State providing for the application without distinction of a fee for private copying for all recording media and the repayment of that fee in the event of exportation of the media before its sale to a final consumer or in the event of reproduction authorised by the proprietor of the right

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.03 Copyright and related rights
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.03 Copyright and related rights
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.03 Copyright and related rights
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.03 Copyright and related rights


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Directive 92/100 : paragraph 21
  • Directive 2001/29 : paragraphs 20, 30, 34, 44, 48, 49
  • Directive 2001/29 -A02 : paragraphs 4, 15, 17
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05 : paragraph 15
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P2 : paragraph 5
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P2LB : paragraphs 1, 5, 15 - 37, 39 - 66
  • Directive 2001/29 -C10 : paragraphs 3, 52
  • Directive 2001/29 -C11 : paragraphs 3, 52
  • Directive 2001/29 -C35 : paragraphs 3, 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -467/08 : paragraphs 19, 23, 24, 28, 40, 42, 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -462/09 : paragraphs 19, 20, 23 - 25, 32, 57 - 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -277/10 : paragraph 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -36/05 : paragraph 21
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -521/11 : paragraphs 49, 51

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 2001/29 -A05P2LB

Opinion

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 16 : point 57
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 17 -P2 : point 57
  • TFEU, Article 167 -P1 : point 79
  • TFEU, Article 267 : point 47
  • Directive 92/100 : point 78
  • Directive 2001/29 : points 2 - 6, 20 - 26, 38 - 60, 72 - 82, 92
  • Directive 2001/29 -A02 : points 7, 18, 92
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05 : points 18, 24
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P2 : points 8, 31, 35
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P2LA : point 20
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P2LB : points 8, 18, 20 - 23, 33, 44, 62, 74, 83
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P2LE : point 20
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P3 : points 8, 35
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P5 : point 8
  • Directive 2001/29 -C1 : point 2
  • Directive 2001/29 -C5 : point 2
  • Directive 2001/29 -C6 : point 2
  • Directive 2001/29 -C7 : point 2
  • Directive 2001/29 -C9 : point 79
  • Directive 2001/29 -C11 : point 79
  • Directive 2001/29 -C31 : points 27, 54
  • Directive 2001/29 -C35 : points 27, 29
  • Directive 2001/29 -C36 : point 35
  • Directive 2001/29 -C38 : point 39
  • Directive 2001/29 -C39 : point 2
  • Directive 2001/29 -C47 : point 2
  • Directive 2006/115 : point 39
  • Directive 2006/115 -A06 : point 79
  • Directive 2006/115 -C3 : point 79
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -22/78 : point 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -196/89 : point 72
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -435/97 : point 72
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -245/00 : point 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -479/04 : point 2
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -162/06 : point 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -275/06 : point 58
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -467/08 : point 3
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -467/08 : points 2, 4, 26 - 32, 34, 39, 40, 42, 59, 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -462/09 : points 4, 27 - 30, 60, 74, 81
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -277/10 : point 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -271/10 : points 39, 78
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -277/10 : points 4, 39, 74
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -599/10 : point 70
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -457/11 : points 2, 3, 24
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -25/11 : point 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -41/11 : point 70
  • Court of Justice - Order C -185/12 : point 71
  • Court of Justice - Order C -370/12 : point 71


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 12/10/2011

Date of the Opinion

  • 07/03/2013

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

11/07/2013


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 25 from 28.01.2012, p.27

Judgment: OJ C 252 from 31.08.2013, p.10

Name of the parties

Amazon.com International Sales and Others

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Walter, Michel M.: Leerkassettenvergütung, Medien und Recht 2013 p.179-184 (DE)
  2. Jani, Ole: Urheberrecht: Privatkopienvergütung für Trägermaterial, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2013 p.745-746 (DE)
  3. Castets-Renard, Céline: Encore une avancée en droit d'auteur européen : la compensation équitable pour copie privée selon la Cour de justice, Recueil Le Dalloz 2013 p.2209-2212 (FR)
  4. Koch, Benjamin ; Krauspenhaar, Daniel: Die Auswirkungen der Amazon-Entscheidung des EuGH auf das deutsche System der urheberrechtlichen Abgaben auf Vervielfältigungsgeräte und Speichermedien , Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht INT 2013 p.1003-1012 (DE)
  5. Müller, Stefan: Zulässigkeit einer unterschiedslosen Anwendung der Privatkopievergütung gegenüber privaten und gewerblichen Endabnehmern in Verbindung mit einem Rückerstattungsanspruch gewerblicher Endabnehmer, Zeitschrift für Urheber- und Medienrecht 2013 p.776-779 (DE)
  6. Idot, Laurence: Droits d'auteur et compensation équitable pour copie privée. Nouvelles précisions sur la jurisprudence Padawan quant à la compatibilité des systèmes nationaux de « compensation équitable » en cas d'admission de « l'exception pour copie privée », Europe 2013 Octobre Comm. nº 10 p.38-39 (FR)
  7. Laporte-Legeais, M.-E.: Propriété littéraire et artistique - Droit au remboursement de la redevance pour copie privée et conformité à l'exigence de compensation équitable, La Semaine Juridique - entreprise et affaires 2014 nº 36 p.45-46 (FR)
  8. Rosenkranz, Frank: EuGH v. 11.7.2013 - Rs. C-521/11 Amazon ./. Austro-Mechana, Zeitschrift für das Privatrecht der Europäischen Union - GPR 2014 p.37-39 (DE)
  9. Zöchling-Jud, Brigitta: Richtlinienkonforme Interpretation am Beispiel der Leerkassettenvergütung, Medien und Recht 2016 p.23-33 (DE)
  10. Fischer, Paul: Die "Sozialen und Kulturellen Einrichtungen" der Verwertungsgesellschaften und die Privatkopiervergütung, MR-Int : Internationale Rundschau zum Medienrecht, IP- & IT-Recht 2016 p.9-14 (DE)
  11. Büchele, Manfred: "Das Geld ist nicht weg, es hat nur ein anderer", Ecolex 2017 p.541-543 (DE)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Oberster Gerichtshof - Austria

Subject-matter

  • Freedom of establishment
  • Freedom to provide services
  • Approximation of laws
  • Intellectual, industrial and commercial property
  • - Copyright and related rights

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

deuxième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Silva de Lapuerta

Advocate General

Mengozzi

Language(s) of the Case

  • German

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • Italian