Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 16 December 2008.

Heinz Huber v Bundesrepublik Deutschland.

Reference for a preliminary ruling: Oberverwaltungsgericht für das Land Nordrhein-Westfalen - Germany.

Protection of personal data - European citizenship - Principle of non-discrimination on grounds of nationality - Directive 95/46/EC - Concept of necessity - General processing of personal data relating to citizens of the Union who are nationals of another Member State - Central register of foreign nationals.

Case C-524/06.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
21/02/2009 Huber
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2008:724
16/12/2008 Huber
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2008:724
16/12/2008 Huber
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2008:194
03/04/2008 Huber
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
10/03/2007 Huber
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2008 I-09705

Subject-matter

Preliminary ruling – Oberverwaltungsgericht für das Land Nordrhein-Westfalen – Interpretation of the first paragraph of Article 12 EC, Article 17 EC, Article 18(1) EC and the first paragraph of Article 43 EC, and of Article 7(e) of Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (OJ 1995 L 281, p. 31) – National rules providing for the general processing of personal data relating to citizens of the other Member States in a national central register of foreign nationals which differ from the national rules relating to the personal data of citizens of the State in question, which are processed only in the municipal registers for declarations of residence

Systematic classification scheme

1.
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-11 Approximation of laws and uniform laws
    B-11.01 Directives concerning approximation of law
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-11 Approximation of laws and uniform laws
    B-11.01 Directives concerning approximation of law
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-01 Principles and citizenship of the Union
    B-01.05 Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of nationality


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 12 : paragraphs 70, 75
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 12 -P1 : paragraphs 1, 40, 46, 58, 73, 74, 80, 81
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 17 : paragraphs 1, 40
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 18 : paragraphs 1, 71, 73
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 18 -P1 : paragraphs 40, 74
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 43 : paragraphs 74, 75
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 43 -L1 : paragraphs 1, 40
  • Directive 68/360 -A01 : paragraph 55
  • Directive 68/360 -A04 : paragraphs 9, 55
  • Directive 68/360 -A06 : paragraph 12
  • Directive 68/360 -A08 : paragraph 13
  • Directive 68/360 -A10 : paragraphs 10, 13, 56
  • Directive 73/148 -A01 : paragraph 55
  • Directive 73/148 -A04P1 : paragraph 11
  • Directive 73/148 -A06 : paragraph 55
  • Directive 73/148 -A08 : paragraph 56
  • Directive 95/46 : paragraph 45
  • Directive 95/46 -A01 : paragraph 47
  • Directive 95/46 -A01P1 : paragraphs 5, 52
  • Directive 95/46 -A02 : paragraph 6
  • Directive 95/46 -A02LA : paragraph 43
  • Directive 95/46 -A02LB : paragraph 43
  • Directive 95/46 -A03 : paragraph 7
  • Directive 95/46 -A03P2 : paragraph 44
  • Directive 95/46 -A06 : paragraph 48
  • Directive 95/46 -A07 : paragraph 48
  • Directive 95/46 -A07LE : paragraphs 1, 8, 40, 46, 49, 52, 59, 61, 62, 65, 66, 68
  • Directive 95/46 -A13 : paragraph 48
  • Directive 95/46 -C8 : paragraphs 3, 50
  • Directive 95/46 -C10 : paragraphs 4, 50
  • Directive 2004/38 -A05 : paragraph 14
  • Directive 2004/38 -A07 : paragraph 57
  • Directive 2004/38 -A07P1 : paragraph 15
  • Directive 2004/38 -A08 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2004/38 -A08P1 : paragraph 57
  • Directive 2004/38 -A08P3 : paragraphs 57, 59
  • Directive 2004/38 -A27 : paragraph 17
  • Directive 2004/38 -A27P1 : paragraphs 57, 59
  • Regulation 862/2007 : paragraphs 18, 64
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -118/75 : paragraph 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -85/96 : paragraph 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -184/99 : paragraphs 69, 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -465/00 : paragraph 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -101/01 : paragraph 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/02 : paragraph 69
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -209/03 : paragraphs 69 - 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -33/07 : paragraph 54

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 95/46 -A07LE
  • Interprets : EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 12 -P1

Opinion

  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 12 : point 4
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 12 -P1 : points 4, 7 - 24
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 17 : point 4
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 17 -P1 : point 19
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 18 -P1 : points 4, 19
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 43 : point 1
  • Directive 95/46 : points 1, 28
  • Directive 95/46 -A07LE : points 25 - 31
  • Directive 95/46 -C2 : point 30
  • Directive 95/46 -C10 : point 30
  • Directive 95/46 -C11 : point 30
  • Directive 95/46 -C12 : point 30
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2000) -A07 : point 30
  • Directive 2004/38 : points 9, 17
  • Directive 2004/38 -A08P3 : points 13, 20, 24, 28, 31
  • Directive 2004/38 -C11 : point 19
  • Regulation 862/2007 : point 23
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -41/74 : point 17
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -67/74 : point 17
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -36/75 : point 17
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -118/75 : points 9, 10
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -30/77 : point 17
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -133/85 : point 27
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -18/95 : point 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -184/99 : point 18
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -413/99 : point 18
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -465/00 : points 27, 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -441/02 : point 17
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -503/03 : point 17


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 28/12/2006

Date of the Opinion

  • 03/04/2008

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

16/12/2008


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 56 from 10.03.2007, p.19

Judgment: OJ C 44 from 21.02.2009, p.5

Name of the parties

Huber

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Kahlert, Henning: EU-Bürger unter Generalverdacht: Das deutsche Ausländerzentralregister vor dem EuGH, European Law Reporter 2009 p.19-22 (DE)
  2. Broussy, Emmanuelle ; Donnat, Francis ; Lambert, Christian: Chronique de jurisprudence communautaire. Citoyenneté européenne - Fichiers de citoyens de l'Union, L'actualité juridique ; droit administratif 2009 p.246-247 (FR)
  3. Kauff-Gazin, Fabienne: Protection des données personnelles, Europe 2009 Février Comm. nº 53 p.12-13 (FR)
  4. Mok, M.R.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2009 nº 194 (NL)
  5. Chaltiel, Florence ; Berr, Claude J. ; Francq, Stéphanie ; Prieto, Catherine: Chronique de jurisprudence du Tribunal et de la Cour de justice des Communautés européennes. Concurrence, Journal du droit international 2009 p.643-644 (FR)
  6. Hailbronner, Kay: Die Speicherung personenbezogener Daten von Unionsbürgern im AZR - Anmerkungen zum Huber-Urteil des EuGH v. 16.12.2008, Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik 2009 p.178-182 (DE)
  7. Overkleeft-Verburg, G.: Jurisprudentie bestuursrecht 2009 nº 52 (NL)
  8. Lucioni, Carlo: Tutela dei dati personali del cittadino dell'Unione e giudizio di non discriminazione in base alla nazionalità, Diritto pubblico comparato ed europeo 2009 p.575-582 (IT)
  9. Rodríguez Escanciano, Susana: Requisitos para el tratamiento de datos personales de ciudadanos de la Unión Europea no nacionales (Comentario a la STJCE 524/06, de 16 de diciembre de 2008, asunto Hubert), Revista de derecho social 2009 nº 46 p.121-136 (ES)
  10. Martin, D.: Comments on Förster (Case C-158/07 of 18 November 2008), Metock (Case C-127/08 of 25 July 2008) and Huber (Case C-524/06 of 16 December 2008), European Journal of Migration and Law 2009 Vol.11 p.95-108 (EN)
  11. Banu, Mihai: Jurisprudența instanțelor comunitare, Revista românǎ de drept comunitar 2009 nº 5 p.185-200 (RO)
  12. Feik, Rudolf: Gemeinschaftsrechtswidrige Datenspeicherung im deutschen Ausländerzentralregister, Fremden- und asylrechtliche Blätter - FABL 2009 n° 2 p.34-37 (DE)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Oberverwaltungsgericht für das Land Nordrhein-Westfalen - Germany

Subject-matter

  • Citizenship of the Union
  • - Right of entry and residence
  • Freedom of establishment
  • Approximation of laws
  • Fundamental rights
  • Data protection
  • non-discrimination
  • - Non-discrimination on grounds of nationality

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Levits

Advocate General

Poiares Maduro

Language(s) of the Case

  • German

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • English