Judgment of the Court (Second Chamber) of 26 April 2017

Stichting Brein v Jack Frederik Wullems

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Rechtbank Midden-Nederland

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Intellectual and industrial property — Directive 2001/29/EC — Harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights — Article 3(1) — Communication to the public — Definition — Sale of a multimedia player — Add-ons — Publication of works without the consent of the right holder — Access to streaming websites — Article 5(1) and (5) — Right of reproduction — Exceptions and limitations — Lawful use

Case C-527/15


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
02/06/2017 Stichting Brein
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2017:300
26/04/2017 Stichting Brein
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2017:300
26/04/2017 Stichting Brein
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2016:938
08/12/2016 Stichting Brein
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
08/01/2016 Stichting Brein
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 null
      4.11.09.03
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 null
      4.11.09.03


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • TFEU, Article 267 : paragraph 55
  • Directive 2001/29 : paragraphs 1, 2, 40
  • Directive 2001/29 -A02 : paragraphs 4, 60, 61
  • Directive 2001/29 -A03 : paragraphs 5, 20
  • Directive 2001/29 -A03P1 : paragraphs 23, 24, 26, 28 - 30, 34 - 36, 42, 43, 46 - 49, 52, 53
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05 : paragraphs 57, 66
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P1 : paragraphs 1, 6, 21, 59 - 61, 62, 71, 72
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P1LB : paragraphs 21, 67
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P5 : paragraphs 1, 6, 59, 63, 71, 72
  • Directive 2001/29 -C9 : paragraphs 3, 27
  • Directive 2001/29 -C10 : paragraphs 3, 27
  • Directive 2001/29 -C23 : paragraphs 3, 27, 35
  • Directive 2001/29 -C27 : paragraphs 3, 39, 41
  • Directive 2001/29 -C33 : paragraphs 3, 65
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (2012) -A101 : paragraph 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -306/05 -N42 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -306/05 -N46 : paragraph 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -5/08 -N55 : paragraph 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -5/08 -N56 : paragraph 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -5/08 -N57 : paragraph 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -5/08 -N58 : paragraph 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 -N162 : paragraph 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 -N168 : paragraph 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 -N170 : paragraph 67
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 -N171 : paragraph 67
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 -N172 : paragraph 67
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 -N204 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -135/10 -N78 : paragraph 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -135/10 -N79 : paragraph 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -162/10 -N30 : paragraph 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -162/10 -N35 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Order C -302/10 -N26 : paragraph 61
  • Court of Justice - Order C -302/10 -N27 : paragraph 62
  • Court of Justice - Order C -302/10 -N42 : paragraph 65
  • Court of Justice - Order C -302/10 -N44 : paragraph 68
  • Court of Justice - Order C -302/10 -N45 : paragraph 68
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N26 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N31 : paragraph 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N32 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N35 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N36 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N42 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -351/12 -N28 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -435/12 -N39 : paragraph 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N18 : paragraph 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N19 : paragraph 36
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N24 : paragraphs 33, 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N31 : paragraph 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -360/13 -N23 : paragraph 62
  • Court of Justice - Order C -348/13 : paragraph 47
  • Court of Justice - Order C -348/13 -N15 : paragraph 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -110/15 -N18 : paragraph 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -110/15 -N19 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -117/15 -N30 : paragraph 25
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -117/15 -N36 : paragraph 27
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -117/15 -N37 : paragraph 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -117/15 -N41 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -117/15 -N43 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -117/15 -N46 : paragraph 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 -N28 : paragraph 25
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 -N29 : paragraph 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 -N30 : paragraph 27
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 -N32 : paragraph 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 -N33 : paragraph 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 -N34 : paragraph 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 -N35 : paragraph 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 -N36 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 -N37 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 -N38 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 -N42 : paragraph 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 -N43 : paragraphs 37, 47, 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 -N49 : paragraph 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 -N50 : paragraph 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 -N51 : paragraph 49

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 2001/29 -A03P1
  • Interprets : Directive 2001/29 -A05P1
  • Interprets : Directive 2001/29 -A05P5

Opinion

  • Directive 93/98 : point 6
  • Directive 2001/29 : points 2, 6, 34, 40, 41, 77
  • Directive 2001/29 -A02 : points 11, 72
  • Directive 2001/29 -A03 : points 1, 22
  • Directive 2001/29 -A03P1 : points 12, 24, 29, 41, 55, 60, 83
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05 : points 62, 63, 73
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P1 : points 13, 23, 38, 39, 61, 64, 65, 71, 73
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P1LB : points 24, 35, 72, 83
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P2LB : point 36
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P5 : points 13, 24, 36, 38, 39, 61, 65, 73, 79 - 81, 83
  • Directive 2001/29 -A27 : point 46
  • Directive 2001/29 -A5P1LB : point 82
  • Directive 2001/29 -A5P5 : point 82
  • Directive 2001/29 -C23 : point 7
  • Directive 2001/29 -C27 : points 8, 33, 49, 54
  • Directive 2001/29 -C31 : point 9
  • Directive 2001/29 -C33 : points 10, 64, 71
  • Directive 2001/79 -A03P1 : point 42
  • Directive 2004/48 -C14 : point 71
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (2012) -A23L2 : point 26
  • Council - Common Position - 52000AG0048 : point 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -306/05 : points 43, 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -306/05 -N36 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -306/05 -N37 : point 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -306/05 -N38 : point 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -306/05 -N39 : point 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 : point 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 -N181 : point 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 -N186 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 -N197 : point 31
  • Court of Justice - Order C -302/10 -N57 : point 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 : point 5
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N21 : point 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N22 : point 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N23 : point 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N24 : point 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N25 : point 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N26 : point 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N31 : point 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N37 : point 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N39 : point 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -435/12 : point 69
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -435/12 -N35 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -435/12 -N36 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -435/12 -N37 : point 36
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -435/12 -N39 : point 36
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 : points 2, 22, 43, 48, 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N18 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N19 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N20 : point 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N25 : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N26 : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -360/13 : points 38, 64
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -360/13 -N26 : point 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -360/13 -N27 : point 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -360/13 -N53 : points 73, 81
  • Court of Justice - Order C -348/13 : points 2, 22, 43, 51
  • Court of Justice - Order C -348/13 -N14 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -117/15 -N38 : point 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/15 : point 2
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -527/15 : points 41, 70


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 05/10/2015

Date of the Opinion

  • 08/12/2016

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

26/04/2017


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 195 from 19.06.2017, p.2

Application: OJ C 27 from 25.01.2016, p.6

Name of the parties

Stichting Brein

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Neubauer, Arne ; Soppe, Martin: "Öffentliche Wiedergabe" bei Verkauf eines multimedialen Medienabspielers, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 2017 p.615-616 (DE)
  2. Simon, Denys: Liens hypertexte et streaming, Europe 2017 Avril nº 06 p.35 (FR)
  3. Lueg, Lisa: Urheberrecht: Öffentliche Wiedergabe durch Verkauf eines multimedialen Medienabspielers, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2017 p.520-521 (DE)
  4. Chomiac De Sas, Pierre Xavier: La vente de lecteurs multimédia qualifiée de "communication au public", Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2017 nº 138 p.19-24 (FR)
  5. Zurth, Patrick: Öffentliche Wiedergabe durch Verkauf eines multimedialen Medienabspielers, Neue juristische Wochenschrift 2017 p.1937-1938 (DE)
  6. Adobati, Enrica: Diritto d'autore : la Corte di giustizia si pronuncia sulla diffusione di programmi per elaboratore e di lettori multimediali senza l'autorizzazione del titolare, Diritto comunitario e degli scambi internazionali 2017 p.130-131 (IT)
  7. Wirz, Anna-Lena: Öffentliche Wiedergabe durch Verkauf eines Medienabspielers, Multimedia und Recht 2017 p.IX-X (DE)
  8. Stender-Vorwachs, Jutta ; Steege, Hans: EuGH: Streaming von Filmen ohne Zustimmung des Rechtsinhabers, Multimedia und Recht 2017 p.465-466 (DE)
  9. Walter, Michel M.: Verkauf multimedialer Medienabspieler - Streaming und Rechtmäßigkeit der Quelle, MR-Int : Internationale Rundschau zum Medienrecht, IP- & IT-Recht 2017 p.40-41 (DE)
  10. Groom, John ; Silverman, Iona ; Clark, Birgit: Still lost in the labyrinth? CJEU rules in Filmspeler that pre-loading a set-top box with links to a pirate site is a communication to the public, European Intellectual Property Review 2017 p.591-594 (EN)
  11. Vlačić, Luka: Prodaja predvajalnikov za "spletne pirate" in streaming, Pravna praksa 2017 nº 27 p.28-29 (SL)
  12. Specht, Louisa: Der Verkauf technischer Gerätschaften zur Ermöglichung des Streamings - Eine Urheberrechtsverletzung? Besprechung des Urteils EuGH ZUM 2017,587 - Stichting Brein/Wullems, Zeitschrift für Urheber- und Medienrecht 2017 p.582-586 (DE)
  13. Koelman, K.J.: Het begrip "mededeling aan het publiek" in de zin van de Auteursrechtrichtlijn is van toepassing op de verkoop van een mediaspeler, waarop vooraf add-ons zijn geïnstalleerd die hyperlinks bevatten, welke leiden naar voor het publiek vrij toegankelijke websites waarop auteursrechtelijk beschermde werken zonder toestemming van de rechthebbenden beschikbaar zijn gesteld, AMI: Tijdschrift voor auteurs-, media & informatierecht 2017 p.131-133 (NL)
  14. Busseuil, Guillaume: Fourniture de liens hypertextes et vente d’un matériel multimédia : une nouvelle déclinaison de la notion de « communication au public », Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2017 nº 139 p.8-10 (FR)
  15. Treppoz, Edouard: Droit européen de la propriété intellectuelle, Revue trimestrielle de droit européen 2017 n°4 p.864-868 (FR)
  16. Simon, Denys: Protection juridictionnelle, Europe 2017 novembre nº 11 p.19-20 (FR)
  17. Ferge, Zsigmond: Médialejátszók és online megosztóplatformok, avagy Hogyan értelmezte az Európai Bíróság a nyilvánossághoz közvetítés fogalmát a Stichting Brein, szerzoi jogok jogosultjainak érdekeit védo alapítvány kontra Jack Frederik Wullems-, valamint a Ziggo BV és XS4ALL Internet BV-ügyben hozott ítéletében, Iparjogvédelmi és Szerzői Jogi Szemle 2017 5. szám p.15-46 (HU)
  18. Mouron, Philippe: Les services d'enregistrement numérique, entre le droit de communication au public et l'exception de copie privée, Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2018 nº 148 p.9-13 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Rechtbank Midden-Nederland - Netherlands

Subject-matter

  • Approximation of laws

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

deuxième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Ilešič

Advocate General

Campos Sánchez-Bordona

Language(s) of the Case

  • Dutch

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • Spanish