Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 4 September 2018

ClientEarth v European Commission

Appeal — Access to documents of the EU institutions — Regulation (EC) No 1049/2001 — Regulation (EC) No 1367/2006 — Impact assessment report, draft impact assessment report and opinion of the Impact Assessment Board — Legislative initiatives in respect of environmental matters — Refusal to grant access — Disclosure of the documents requested in the course of the proceedings — Continuing interest in bringing proceedings — Exception relating to the protection of the ongoing decision-making process of an EU institution — General presumption

Case C-57/16 P



Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2018:660
04/09/2018 ClientEarth v Commission
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2018:660
04/09/2018 ClientEarth v Commission
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2017:909
28/11/2017 ClientEarth v Commission
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
13/05/2016 ClientEarth v Commission
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

Information not available


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 42 : paragraph 74
  • TFEU - Protocol No 3 -A61L1 : paragraph 115
  • TFEU, Article 15 -P1 : paragraph 74
  • TFEU, Article 101 : paragraph 81
  • TFEU, Article 293 -P1 : paragraph 87
  • TFEU, Article 298 -P1 : paragraph 74
  • TEU, Article 1 -L2 : paragraph 73
  • TEU, Article 10 -P3 : paragraphs 74, 84
  • TEU, Article 11 -P2 : paragraph 107
  • TEU, Article 17 -P1 : paragraphs 13, 25, 64, 65, 102, 103
  • TEU, Article 17 -P2 : paragraphs 25, 64, 65, 87, 102, 103
  • TEU, Article 17 -P3 : paragraphs 25, 64, 65, 102, 103
  • TEU, Article 17 -P3L3 : paragraph 13
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) : paragraph 62
  • Regulation 1049/2001 : paragraph 10
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A01 : paragraphs 3, 76
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A03 : paragraph 8
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04 : paragraphs 51, 71, 85
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P3L1 : paragraphs 4, 11, 17, 19, 21, 23, 27, 49, 58, 66, 77, 83, 100, 101, 105, 111, 112, 117, 120, 128
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P6 : paragraphs 4, 19
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A07P2 : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A09 : paragraphs 71, 85
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A12P2 : paragraphs 5, 69, 71, 85, 93, 95
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -C1 : paragraphs 2, 73
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -C2 : paragraphs 2, 75
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -C6 : paragraphs 2, 84, 95
  • Regulation 1367/2006 : paragraphs 62, 96
  • Regulation 1367/2006 -A01 : paragraph 98
  • Regulation 1367/2006 -A02P1LD : paragraphs 7, 83, 112
  • Regulation 1367/2006 -A02P1LDPT5 : paragraph 97
  • Regulation 1367/2006 -A03 : paragraph 99
  • Regulation 1367/2006 -A06 : paragraph 99
  • Regulation 1367/2006 -A06P1 : paragraphs 9, 30, 100
  • Regulation 1367/2006 -C15 : paragraphs 6, 100
  • Regulation 1367/2006 -C2 : paragraphs 6, 98
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (2012) -A149 : paragraph 38
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52003PC0624 : paragraph 15
  • Commission - COM Document (Other than Draft Legislation) - 52018DC0010 : paragraph 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -39/05 -N34 : paragraph 73
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -39/05 -N45 : paragraph 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -39/05 -N46 : paragraph 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -39/05 -N59 : paragraphs 75, 104
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -362/05 -N48 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -362/05 -N49 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -362/05 -N52 : paragraph 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -362/05 -N59 : paragraph 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -280/11 -N31 : paragraph 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -280/11 -N33 : paragraph 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -280/11 -N60 : paragraph 122
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -280/11 -N73 : paragraph 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -149/12 -N31 : paragraph 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -239/12 -N61 : paragraph 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -239/12 -N63 : paragraph 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -409/13 -N70 : paragraph 87
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -409/13 -N72 : paragraph 87
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -612/13 -N57 : paragraph 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -612/13 -N69 : paragraph 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -612/13 -N77 : paragraph 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -612/13 -N78 : paragraph 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -612/13 -N81 : paragraph 80
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -673/13 -N80 : paragraph 98
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -562/14 : paragraph 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -562/14 -N47 : paragraph 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -562/14 -N51 : paragraph 81
  • General Court - Judgment T -424/14 : paragraphs 1 - 128
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -60/15 -N61 : paragraph 76
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -60/15 -N63 : paragraph 78
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -60/15 -N64 : paragraph 98
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -60/15 -N65 : paragraph 99
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -213/15 -N41 : paragraph 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -213/15 -N52 : paragraph 74
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -57/16 : paragraphs 85, 93

Operative part

Opinion

  • EU Treaty (Maastricht) - Final Act, Declaration No 17 : point 73
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 81 : point 56
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 255 : point 73
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 42 : points 52, 73, 75
  • TFEU, Article 15 : point 73
  • TFEU, Article 15 -P3 : point 52
  • TFEU, Article 101 : point 56
  • TFEU, Article 289 -P1 : point 60
  • TFEU, Article 289 -P2 : point 60
  • TFEU, Article 289 -P3 : point 60
  • TFEU, Article 294 : point 60
  • TEU, Article 14 -P1 : point 60
  • TEU, Article 16 -P1 : point 60
  • TEU, Article 17 : point 96
  • TEU, Article 17 -P1 : points 24, 93
  • TEU, Article 17 -P2 : points 60, 93
  • TEU, Article 17 -P3 : points 93, 97
  • TEU, Article 17 -P3L3 : point 24
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) : points 11, 17
  • Regulation 1049/2001 : points 5, 17, 75, 79
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A01 : points 52, 57
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A02P1 : point 8
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A02P4 : point 8
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04 : points 51, 53, 54, 106
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P2 : point 53
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P2L1 : point 109
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P2T2 : points 104, 116
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P3 : points 9, 53, 84, 110, 118
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P3L1 : points 18, 19, 22, 28, 112, 114
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P6 : points 9, 30
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A07P2 : point 20
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A08P2 : point 21
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A09 : point 51
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A12P2 : points 10, 51, 64, 67, 72
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -C2 : point 7
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -C4 : point 57
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -C6 : points 7, 48, 57, 65, 67, 72
  • Regulation 1409/2001 : point 69
  • Regulation 1367/2006 -A01P1LA : point 12
  • Regulation 1367/2006 -A01P1LB : point 12
  • Regulation 1367/2006 -A02P1 : point 13
  • Regulation 1367/2006 -A03 : point 14
  • Regulation 1367/2006 -A06 : point 15
  • Regulation 1367/2006 -C15 : point 11
  • Regulation 1367/2006 -C7 : point 11
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52003PC0624 : point 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -39/05 : points 51, 72, 74, 76, 94, 95, 103, 107
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -39/05 -N35 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -39/05 -N36 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -39/05 -N44 : point 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -39/05 -N45 : point 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -39/05 -N46 : points 46, 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -39/05 -N50 : points 88, 115
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -139/07 : points 56, 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -139/07 -N62 : point 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -514/07 : points 56, 116
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -514/07 -N71 : point 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -514/07 -N72 : point 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -514/07 -N74 : point 115
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -404/10 : points 56, 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -477/10 : point 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -280/11 -N31 : point 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -280/11 -N32 : points 46, 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -280/11 -N33 : points 46, 57, 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -280/11 -N72 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -280/11 -N73 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -514/11 : points 56, 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -514/11 -N45 : point 115
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -365/12 : points 56, 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -365/12 -N64 : point 110
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -365/12 -N65 : point 115
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -615/13 : point 96
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -409/13 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -612/13 : point 88
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -612/13 -N78 : point 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -612/13 -N80 : point 78
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -612/13 -N81 : point 78
  • General Court - Judgment T -456/13 : point 116
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -524/14 -N26 : point 39
  • General Court - Judgment T -424/14 : points 2, 126
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -271/15 : point 116


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 30/01/2016

Date of the Opinion

  • 28/11/2017

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

04/09/2018


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 399 from 05.11.2018, p.2

Application: OJ C 191 from 30.05.2016, p.5

Name of the parties

ClientEarth v Commission

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Daniel, Élise: La Cour de justice, contrairement au Tribunal, ne reconnaît pas l'existence d'une présomption générale de confidentialité au bénéfice des analyses d'impact., Europe 2018 Mois Comm. nº 11 p.15-16 (FR)
  2. Peeters, Marjan: Windpark Weijerswold; doeltreffende inspraak?, Milieu en recht 2019 n°1 p.40-42 (NL)
  3. Bijl LLM, Y.C.: De 'space to think' in de Eurowob na De capitani en ClientEarth, Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht 2019 p.1-7 (NL)
  4. Wyatt, Daniel: Is the Commission a "lawmaker" ? On the right of initiative, institutional transparency and public participation in decision-making : ClientEarth, Common Market Law Review 2019 VOL.56 N°3 p.825-841 (EN)
  5. Thieffry, Patrick: Observations à l'arrêt du 4 septembre 2018, ClientEarth contre Commission européenne, affaire C-57/16 P, Jurisprudence de la CJUE 2018. Décisions et commentaires 2019, p.457-460 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Provisions governing the institutions
  • - Access to documents

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Actions for annulment
  • Appeals : application granted

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Tizzano

Advocate General

Bot

Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French