Judgment of the Court (Fourth Chamber) of 27 March 2019

Proceedings brought by Oy Hartwall Ab

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Korkein hallinto-oikeus

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Approximation of laws — Trade marks — Directive 2008/95/EC — Articles 2 and 3(1)(b) — Refusal to register or invalidity — Assessment of distinctive character by reference to the actual situation — Classification of a trade mark — Effect — Colour mark or figurative mark — Graphic representation of a mark submitted as a figurative mark — Conditions for registration — Insufficiently clear and precise graphic representation

Case C-578/17


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
17/05/2019 Hartwall
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2019:261
27/03/2019 Hartwall
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2018:946
22/11/2018 Hartwall
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
17/11/2017 Hartwall
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.01 Trade marks
        4.11.09.01.01 Absolute grounds for refusal
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.01 Trade marks
        4.11.09.01.01 Absolute grounds for refusal
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.01 Trade marks
        4.11.09.01.01 Absolute grounds for refusal
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.01 Trade marks
        4.11.09.01.01 Absolute grounds for refusal


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Directive 2008/95 -A02 : paragraphs 1, 4, 20, 21, 23 - 25, 35, 36, 38, 43
  • Directive 2008/95 -A03P1 : paragraphs 5, 23
  • Directive 2008/95 -A03P1LB : paragraphs 1, 20, 21, 24, 26, 35
  • Directive 2008/95 -A03P3 : paragraphs 5, 21
  • Directive 2008/95 -C6 : paragraphs 3, 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -363/99 -N31 : paragraphs 26, 27
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -363/99 -N32 : paragraph 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -363/99 -N33 : paragraph 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -363/99 -N34 : paragraph 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -363/99 -N35 : paragraph 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N29 : paragraph 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N60 : paragraph 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N65 : paragraph 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N66 : paragraph 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N67 : paragraph 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N76 : paragraph 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/01 -N59 : paragraph 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/02 -N33 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/02 -N34 : paragraph 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/02 -N41 : paragraphs 26, 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -217/13 -N46 : paragraphs 21, 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -217/13 -N47 : paragraph 28
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -578/17 : paragraph 40

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 2008/95 -A02
  • Interprets : Directive 2008/95 -A03P1LB

Opinion

  • Directive 89/104 -A02 : point 5
  • Directive 89/104 -A03 : point 5
  • Directive 2008/95 : points 7, 27, 73
  • Directive 2008/95 -A0P3 : points 40, 45
  • Directive 2008/95 -A02 : points 1, 3 - 5, 19, 21, 22, 28, 29, 37, 40, 45, 48, 52, 53, 58, 60, 61, 64, 75
  • Directive 2008/95 -A03 : points 3, 5, 21
  • Directive 2008/95 -A03P1LB : points 1, 4, 6, 19, 22, 37, 38, 40, 45, 75
  • Directive 2008/95 -A03P3 : points 1, 4, 6, 22, 37, 38, 75
  • Directive 2008/95 -C6 : point 21
  • Directive 2008/95 -C8 : point 28
  • Directive 2015/2436 : point 5
  • Directive 2015/2436 -A02 : point 51
  • Directive 2015/2436 -A03 : point 29
  • Directive 2015/2436 -A03LB : point 51
  • Directive 2015/2436 -C13 : point 51
  • Regulation 626/2018 -A03P3LB : point 34
  • Regulation 626/2018 -A03P3LF : point 31
  • Regulation 626/2018 -A03P3LG : point 61
  • Regulation 626/2018 -A39P2 : point 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 -N47 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 -N48 : points 48, 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 -N49 : points 48, 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 -N50 : points 48, 49, 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 -N51 : points 48, 49, 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 -N52 : point 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 -N53 : point 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 -N54 : point 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 -N55 : point 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 : points 31, 54, 68
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N23 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N27 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N29 : point 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N31 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N32 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N33 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N34 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N35 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N36 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N37 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N54 : points 33, 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N55 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N56 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N57 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N58 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N59 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N60 : points 43, 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N65 : points 42, 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 -N66 : points 42, 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/01 -N58 : point 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/02 : points 31, 54, 68
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/02 -N22 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/02 -N23 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/02 -N26 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/02 -N27 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/02 -N28 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/02 -N29 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/02 -N30 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/02 -N33 : point 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/02 -N34 : point 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/02 -N38 : point 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/02 -N39 : point 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -412/05 -N53 : point 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -265/09 -N33 : point 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -265/09 -N37 : point 44
  • General Court - Judgment T -293/10 : point 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -311/11 -N26 : point 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -217/13 -N38 : point 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -217/13 -N39 : point 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -217/13 -N40 : points 39, 73
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -217/13 -N41 : point 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -217/13 -N46 : point 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -217/13 -N47 : point 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -217/13 -N48 : point 73
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -163/16 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -163/16 -N7 : point 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -163/16 -N24 : point 32


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 03/10/2017

Date of the Opinion

  • 22/11/2018

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

27/03/2019


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 187 from 03.06.2019, p.20

Application: OJ C 412 from 04.12.2017, p.18

Name of the parties

Hartwall

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Mouillard, .. ; Darbois, .. ; Beauconnet, ..: Revue de jurisprudence de droit des affaires 2019 nº 11 p.878-879 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Korkein hallinto-oikeus - Finland

Subject-matter

  • Intellectual, industrial and commercial property
  • - Trade marks

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling
  • Reference for a preliminary ruling : case not proceeding to judgment

Formation of the Court

quatrième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Juhász

Advocate General

Saugmandsgaard Øe

Language(s) of the Case

  • Finnish

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • Danish