Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 18 December 2007.

Kingdom of Sweden v Commission of the European Communities and Others.

Appeal - Regulation (EC) No 1049/2001 - Public access to documents of the institutions - Documents originating from a Member State - Objection of the Member State to disclosure of the documents - Scope of Article 4(5) of the regulation.

Case C-64/05 P.



Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
23/02/2008 Sweden v Commission
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2007:802
18/12/2007 Sweden v Commission
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2007:802
18/12/2007 Sweden v Commission
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2007:433
18/07/2007 Sweden v Commission
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
29/04/2005 Sweden v Commission
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2007 I-11389

Subject-matter

Appeal brought against the judgment of the Court of First Instance (Fifth Chamber, Extended Composition) of 30 November 2004 in Case T-168/02 IFAW Internationaler Tierschutz-Fonds v Commission, dismissing an application for annulment of a decision of the Commission rejecting a request made by IFAW pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 1049/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2001 regarding public access to European Parliament, Council and Commission documents (OJ 2001 L 145, p. 43) in order to obtain access to certain documents of the German authorities, on imperative grounds of major public interest to achieve declassification of a site protected under Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (OJ 1992 L 206, p. 7). Pourvoi formé contre l'arrêt du Tribunal de première instance (cinquième chambre élargie), du 30 novembre 2004, IFAW Internationaler Tierschutz-Fonds / Commission (T-168/02), rejetant une demande visant l'annulation de la décision de la Commission rejetant une demande introduite par IFAW conformément au règlement (CE) n° 1049/2001 du Parlement européen et du Conseil, du 30 mai 2001, relatif à l'accès du public aux documents du Parlement européen, du Conseil et de la Commission (JO L 145, p. 43), afin d'obtenir l'accès à certains documents des autorités allemandes évoquant des raisons impératives d'intérêt public majeur pour parvenir au déclassement d'un site protégé par la directive 92/43/CEE du Conseil, du 21 mai 1992, concernant la conservation des habitats naturels ainsi que de la faune et de la flore sauvages (JO L 206, p. 7)

Systematic classification scheme

1.
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-18 Institutions and bodies of the Community
    B-18.00 General
      B-18.00.01 Right of public access to documents
        B-18.00.01.03 Documents subject to special treatment
          B-18.00.01.03.01 Third-party documents
            B-18.00.01.03.01.01 Documents originating from a Member State
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-18 Institutions and bodies of the Community
    B-18.00 General
      B-18.00.01 Right of public access to documents
        B-18.00.01.03 Documents subject to special treatment
          B-18.00.01.03.01 Third-party documents
            B-18.00.01.03.01.01 Documents originating from a Member State
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-18 Institutions and bodies of the Community
    B-18.00 General
      B-18.00.01 Right of public access to documents
        B-18.00.01.03 Documents subject to special treatment
          B-18.00.01.03.01 Third-party documents
            B-18.00.01.03.01.01 Documents originating from a Member State
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-18 Institutions and bodies of the Community
    B-18.00 General
      B-18.00.01 Right of public access to documents
        B-18.00.01.03 Documents subject to special treatment
          B-18.00.01.03.01 Third-party documents
            B-18.00.01.03.01.01 Documents originating from a Member State
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-18 Institutions and bodies of the Community
    B-18.00 General
      B-18.00.01 Right of public access to documents
        B-18.00.01.03 Documents subject to special treatment
          B-18.00.01.03.01 Third-party documents
            B-18.00.01.03.01.01 Documents originating from a Member State
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-18 Institutions and bodies of the Community
    B-18.00 General
      B-18.00.01 Right of public access to documents
        B-18.00.01.03 Documents subject to special treatment
          B-18.00.01.03.01 Third-party documents
            B-18.00.01.03.01.01 Documents originating from a Member State


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 10 : paragraphs 70, 85
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 225 -P1 : paragraphs 2, 52
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 225 -P2 : paragraphs 2, 52
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 230 : paragraph 91
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 251 : paragraph 52
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 255 -P1 : paragraph 82
  • Treaty of Nice 2001 - Protocol on the Statute of the Court of Justice -A61L1 : paragraph 96
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (1991) -A69P2 : paragraph 101
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (1991) -A69P4L1 : paragraph 101
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (1991) -A118 : paragraph 101
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (1991) -A122L1 : paragraph 101
  • Directive 92/43 : paragraph 1
  • Decision 93/731 : paragraphs 56, 97, 100
  • Decision 94/90 : paragraph 56
  • Decision 97/632 : paragraph 56
  • Regulation 1049/2001 : paragraphs 60, 62
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A01 : paragraphs 5, 66
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A01LA : paragraph 53
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A02P3 : paragraphs 6, 55, 67
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A02P5 : paragraphs 6, 57
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A03LB : paragraphs 7, 55
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04 : paragraphs 8, 19, 66, 77, 97
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P1 : paragraphs 57, 68, 69, 76, 78, 80, 83, 86 - 89, 93, 98
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P2 : paragraphs 57, 68, 69, 76, 78, 80, 83, 86 - 89, 93, 98
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P3 : paragraphs 57, 69, 76, 78, 80, 83, 86 - 89, 93, 98
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P4 : paragraphs 46, 68, 69, 79
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P5 : paragraphs 43, 45, 47, 48, 50, 51, 58, 61, 65, 68 - 70, 75 - 81, 83, 85, 93, 95, 98, 99
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P7 : paragraphs 7, N, 80
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A05 : paragraphs 9, 48, 70
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A05L1 : paragraph 49
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A07 : paragraphs 86, 89
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A08 : paragraphs 86, 89
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A09 : paragraphs 10, 57, 83
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A09P3 : paragraph 47
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -C2 : paragraphs 4, 66
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -C3 : paragraph 4
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -C4 : paragraphs 4, 53, 66
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -C10 : paragraphs 4, 55, 67
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -C15 : paragraphs 4, 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -97/91 : paragraphs 91, 92
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -174/98 : paragraphs 66, 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -269/99 : paragraph 93
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -353/99 : paragraphs 64, 66
  • General Court - Judgment T -168/02 : paragraphs 1, 43, 44, 50, 56, 59, 62, 70, 71, 87, 95
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -266/05 : paragraph 66

Operative part

Opinion

  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 225 -P1 : point 5
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 225 -P2 : points 5, 7
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 255 : points 35, 39, 40, 44
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 255 -P2 : points 39, 50
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 311 : point 34
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2000) -A42 : point 40
  • Regulation 1049/2001 : point 39
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A01 : point 44
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A01LA : point 8
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A02 : point 9
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A02P2 : point 46
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A02P3 : points 28, 46
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A03LB : points 10, 28
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04 : point 11
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P1 : points 25, 49
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P2 : points 25, 49
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P3 : points 25, 49
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P4 : points 32, 48, 49
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P5 : points 2, 3, 25, 26, 28 - 33, 35 - 37, 42, 48, 49, 51, 54, 56 - 58
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A05 : points 12, 36, 46, 47, 54
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A09 : point 13
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A09P3 : point 29
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A18 : point 30
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -C4 : point 44
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -C10 : point 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -7/54 : point 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -294/83 : point 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -222/84 : point 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -46/87 : point 42
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -58/94 : points 38, 40, 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -58/94 : point 38
  • General Court - Judgment T -105/95 : points 36, 42
  • General Court - Judgment T -174/95 : points 41, 42
  • General Court - Judgment T -124/96 : point 42
  • General Court - Judgment T -188/97 : point 27
  • General Court - Judgment T -309/97 : points 41, 42
  • General Court - Judgment T -14/98 : point 38
  • General Court - Judgment T -92/98 : point 27
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -174/98 : points 36, 42
  • General Court - Judgment T -123/99 : points 27, 42
  • General Court - Judgment T -187/99 : point 34
  • General Court - Judgment T -191/99 : points 27, 39, 41
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -353/99 : point 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -353/99 : points 36, 38
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -41/00 : point 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -41/00 : points 36, 38, 41, 42
  • General Court - Judgment T -211/00 : points 38, 41, 42
  • General Court - Judgment T -47/01 : point 27
  • Court of Justice - Order C -321/01 : point 34
  • General Court - Judgment T -76/02 : points 33, 36, 58
  • General Court - Judgment T -168/02 : points 1, 23, 29, 33, 35, 42, 44, 45, 48, 51, 58, 59
  • General Court - Judgment T -110/03 : points 27, 44
  • General Court - Judgment T -187/03 : point 33
  • General Court - Judgment T -264/04 : point 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -305/05 : point 40


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 10/02/2005

Date of the Opinion

  • 18/07/2007

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

18/12/2007


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 115 from 14.05.2005, p.9

Judgment: OJ C 51 from 23.02.2008, p.4

Name of the parties

Sweden v Commission

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Broussy, Emmanuelle ; Donnat, Francis ; Lambert, Christian: Chronique de jurisprudence communautaire. Droit institutionnel, L'actualité juridique ; droit administratif 2008 p.240
  2. Mosbrucker, Anne-Laure: Accès aux documents de la Commission, Europe 2008 Février Comm. nº 32 p.12-13
  3. Overkleeft-Verburg, G.: Jurisprudentie bestuursrecht 2008 nº 53
  4. Mok, M.R.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2008 nº 217
  5. Kranenborg, H.R.: Niet de lidstaat maar Europa bepaalt of documenten die afkomstig zijn van de lidstaten openbaar mogen worden gemaakt, Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht 2008 p.119-122
  6. Schadtle, Kai: Informationsfreiheit und Verwaltungstransparenz in Europa: Das Recht auf Zugang zu Dokumenten aus den EG-Mitgliedstaaten auf dem Prüfstand - Zugleich Besprechung des Urteils des Europäischen Gerichtshofs vom 18. Dezember 2007, Rs. C-64/05 P, Die öffentliche Verwaltung 2008 p.455-459
  7. Leino, Päivi: Common Market Law Review 2008 p.1469-1486
  8. Chérot, Jean-Yves: La CJCE juge que les Etats membres n'ont pas de pouvoir discrétionnaire dans l'exercice de leur compétence pour refuser la divulgation des documents qui émanent d'eux, Concurrences : revue des droits de la concurrence 2008 nº 2 p.143-144



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Environment
  • Provisions governing the institutions
  • - Access to documents

Procedure and result

  • Actions for annulment : application granted
  • Appeals : application granted

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Schiemann

Advocate General

Poiares Maduro

Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • Portuguese