Judgment of the Court (Third Chamber), 11 April 2013

Land Berlin v Ellen Mirjam Sapir and Others

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Bundesgerichtshof

Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 — Articles 1(1) and 6(1) — Concept of ‘civil and commercial matters’ — Undue payment made by a State entity — Claim for recovery of that payment in legal proceedings — Determination of the court having jurisdiction in the case where claims are connected — Close connection between the claims — Defendant domiciled in a non-member State

Case C‑645/11


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
17/05/2013 Sapir and Others
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2013:228
11/04/2013 Sapir and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2013:228
11/04/2013 Sapir and Others
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2012:757
28/11/2012 Sapir and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
02/03/2012 Sapir and Others
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Bundesgerichtshof – Interpretation of Article 1(1) and 6(1) of Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000, concerning jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (OJ 2001 L 12, p. 1) – Notion of ‘civil and commercial matters’ – Inclusion or not of an action for repayment of an amount unduly paid by a State body in an administrative procedure intended to compensate for damage caused by the Nazi regime

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Regulation 44/2001 : paragraphs 31 - 33
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01P1 : paragraphs 1, 4, 28, 29, 38
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02 : paragraph 41
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02P1 : paragraph 6
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A03P1 : paragraph 7
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A04P1 : paragraphs 8, 54
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05 : paragraph 52
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A06PT1 : paragraphs 1, 9, 28, 39, 40, 42, 44, 48, 49, 51 - 53, 55 - 57
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A22 : paragraph 54
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A23 : paragraph 54
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C11 : paragraph 3
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C7 : paragraph 3
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C8 : paragraph 3
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C9 : paragraphs 3, 54
  • Brussels Convention 1968 : paragraphs 31, 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -271/00 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -266/01 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -292/05 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -98/06 : paragraphs 42, 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -420/07 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -406/09 : paragraph 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -145/10 : paragraphs 40, 41, 44
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -645/11 : paragraph 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -154/11 : paragraph 33

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 44/2001 -A01P1
  • Interprets : Regulation 44/2001 -A06PT1

Opinion

  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01 : points 42, 79
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01P1 : points 5, 7, 24, 40, 64, 80, 123
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02 : point 91
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A04 : point 119
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A04P1 : points 8, 111
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A06PT1 : points 5, 9, 24, 83, 85, 87 - 89, 92 - 94, 96, 99, 103 - 105, 107, 110, 114, 116, 117, 120, 123
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A06PT3 : point 9
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A22 : points 10, 111, 119
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A23 : points 111, 119
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A23P1 : point 11
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C11 : points 6, 95
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C12 : points 6, 93
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C15 : points 6, 93
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C19 : points 6, 45
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C9 : points 6, 112
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A01 : points 44, 46, 61 - 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/76 : points 42, 47 - 51, 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -814/79 : points 52, 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -189/87 : point 93
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -172/91 : points 54 - 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -167/00 : points 45, 106
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -271/00 : points 58, 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -266/01 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -343/04 : point 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -103/05 : point 91
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -292/05 : point 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -98/06 : points 94, 96
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -420/07 : point 64
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -292/08 : point 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -406/09 : points 65 - 67
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -145/10 : points 82, 90, 96, 103
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -145/10 : points 90 - 92, 94 - 96, 110


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 16/12/2011

Date of the Opinion

  • 28/11/2012

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

11/04/2013


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 80 from 17.03.2012, p.11

Judgment: OJ C 156 from 01.06.2013, p.11

Name of the parties

Sapir and Others

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Idot, Laurence: Importantes précisions sur le champ d'application matériel et territorial du règlement, Europe 2013 Juin Comm. nº 290 p.43-44 (FR)
  2. Dietze, Jan: EuGVVO: Anwendbarkeit auf Klage einer staatlichen Stelle wegen ungerechtfertigter Bereicherung und Beklagte in Drittstaaten, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2013 p.506-507 (DE)
  3. Strikwerda, L.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2013 n° 500 (NL)
  4. González Saquero, Pablo: Jurisprudencia – Tribunal de Justicia de la Unión Europea, Revista española de Derecho Europeo 2013 nº 47 p.193-230 (ES)
  5. Lund, Nils: Der Rückgriff auf das nationale Recht zur europäisch-autonomen Auslegung normativer Tatbestandsmerkmale in der EuGVVO, Praxis des internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts 2014 p.140-145 (DE)
  6. Laazouzi, Malik: Du 11 avril 2013 - Cour de justice de l'Union européenne - Aff. C-645/11, Revue critique de droit international privé 2014 nº 1 p.118-135 (FR)
  7. Barba, Maxime: Leçon 1 : De la connexité et de son instrumentalisation....., Revue Lamy droit des affaires 2016 nº 111 p.28-32 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Bundesgerichtshof - Germany

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters

Provisions of national law referred to

Vermögensgesetz (VermG), Paragraphen 2-6, 33 und 34 Investitionsvorranggesetz (InVorG), Paragraph 16 Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (BGB), Paragraph 812 Abs. 1 und Paragraph 823

Vermögensgesetz (VermG), Paragraphen 2-6, 33 und 34 Investitionsvorranggesetz (InVorG), Paragraph 16 Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (BGB), Paragraph 812 Abs. 1 und Paragraph 823

Provisions of international law referred to

Convention entre la République fédérale d'Allemagne et l'État d'Israël sur la reconnaissance et l'exécution réciproques des jugements en matière civile et commerciale (20/07/1977), Art. 5, Abs. 1, Nr. 1

Convention entre la République fédérale d'Allemagne et l'État d'Israël sur la reconnaissance et l'exécution réciproques des jugements en matière civile et commerciale (20/07/1977), art. 5, par. 1, no. 1

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

troisième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Toader

Advocate General

Trstenjak

Language(s) of the Case

  • German

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • German