Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 6 October 2015

Thierry Delvigne v Commune de Lesparre Médoc and Préfet de la Gironde

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Tribunal d'instance de Bordeaux

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union — Articles 39 and 49 — European Parliament — Elections — Right to vote — Citizenship of the European Union — Retroactive effect of the more lenient criminal law — National legislation providing for the deprivation of the right to vote in the case of a criminal conviction by a final judgment delivered before 1 March 1994

Case C-650/13


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
06/11/2015 Delvigne
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2015:648
06/10/2015 Delvigne
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2015:648
06/10/2015 Delvigne
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2015:363
04/06/2015 Delvigne
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
04/04/2014 Delvigne
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Request for a preliminary ruling – Tribunal d’instance de Bordeaux – Interpretation of Articles 49 and 39 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union – More favourable criminal legislation that may not be applied to persons who were convicted by a final judgment before that legislation came into force – Right to vote and to stand as a candidate at elections to the European Parliament – National legislation providing for a permanent ban on exercising civil and political rights – Equality of treatment between nationals of the Member States – Inadmissibility.

Systematic classification scheme

1.
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.02 Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union
      1.04.02.01 Field of application of the Charter (Article 51(1) and (2) of the Charter of Fundamental Rights)
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.02 Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.09 Non-discrimination and citizenship of the Union
    1.09.00 General
2 Institutional framework of the European Union
  2.01 Institutions
    2.01.01 European Parliament
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.02 Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.02 Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union
      1.04.02.02 Scope of the protection of rights and principles
        1.04.02.02.01 Limitation on the exercise of rights and freedoms (Article 52(1) of the Charter of Fundamental Rights)
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.39 Right to vote and to stand as a candidate at elections to the European Parliament
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.49 Principles of legality and proportionality of criminal offences and penalties


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 09/12/2013

Date of the Opinion

  • 04/06/2015

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

06/10/2015


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 389 from 23.11.2015, p.3

Application: OJ C 129 from 28.04.2014, p.7

Name of the parties

Delvigne

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Trucco, Lara: Il caso Delvigne e il diritto di voto europeo, Quaderni costituzionali 2015 p.1030-1033 (IT)
  2. Berlin, Dominique: Un problème de compétence escamoté ?, La Semaine Juridique - édition générale 2015 nº 49 p.2232-2235 (FR)
  3. Tinière, Romain: Cour de justice, gde ch., 6 octobre 2015, Delvigne, aff. C-650/13, ECLI:EU:C:2015:648, Jurisprudence de la CJUE 2015 (Ed. Bruylant - Bruxelles) 2015 p.130-134 (FR)
  4. Benlolo Carabot, Myriam: Cour de justice, gde ch., 6 octobre 2015, Thierry Delvigne c/ Commune de Lesparre-Médoc, Préfet de la Gironde, aff. C-650/13, ECLI:EU:C:2015:648, Jurisprudence de la CJUE 2015 (Ed. Bruylant - Bruxelles) 2015 p.246-249 (FR)
  5. Lentzis, Dimosthenis: Chartis themeliodon dikaiomaton, Elliniki Epitheorisi Evropaïkou Dikaiou 2015 p.497-500 (EL)
  6. Rigaux, Anne: Droit de vote et d'éligibilité aux élections européennes, Europe 2015 Décembre Comm. nº 12 p.18-19 (FR)
  7. Van Rossem, J.W.C.: Administratiefrechtelijke beslissingen ; Rechtspraak bestuursrecht 2016 Afl.12 p. 636-638 (NL)
  8. Tinière, Romain: Arrêt "Delvigne" : le droit de vote des (ex)-prisonniers devant la Cour de justice de l'Union européenne, Journal de droit européen 2016 nº 225 p.14-15 (FR)
  9. Balthasar-Wach, Agnes ; Hofbauer, Yara: Hirst vs Delvigne: Wendepunkt für das aktive Wahlrecht von Straftätern in der EU?, Journal für Strafrecht 2016 p.148-153 (DE)
  10. Van Eijken, Hanneke ; van Rossem, Jan Willem: Prisoner disenfranchisement and the right to vote in elections to the European Parliament: Universal suffrage key to unlocking political citizenship?, European Constitutional Law Review 2016 Vol. 12 p.114-132 (EN)
  11. Rulka, Marcin: Prawo do głosowania w wyborach do Parlamentu Europejskiego – glosa do wyroku Trybunału Sprawiedliwości z 6.10.2015 r. w sprawie C-650/13 Thierry Delvigne przeciwko Commune de Lesparre-Médoc i Préfet de la Gironde, Europejski Przegląd Sądowy 2016 Vol. 4 p.28-35 (PL)
  12. Gundel, Jörg: Der Verlust der bürgerlichen Ehrenrechte als Eingriff in die Grundrechtecharta – Neues zur Reichweite des EU-Grundrechtsschutzes gegenüber den Mitgliedstaaten und zur lex-mitior-Garantie, Europarecht 2016 Heft 2 p.176-187 (DE)
  13. Coutts, Stephen: Delvigne: A Multi-Levelled Political Citizenship, European Law Review 2017 p.867-881 (EN)
  14. Svobodová, Magdaléna: Listina základních práv EU v judikatuře Ústavního soudu ČR, Právní rozhledy : časopis pro všechna právní odvětví 2017 nº23-24 p.823-828 (CS)
  15. Pelletier, Marc: La CJUE et le principe non bis in idem: un pas en arrière, deux pas en avant, Revue de droit fiscal 2018 n°14 p. 2-4 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Tribunal d'instance de Bordeaux - France

Subject-matter

  • Citizenship of the Union
  • Fundamental rights
  • - Charter of Fundamental Rights

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Jürimäe

Advocate General

Cruz Villalón

Language(s) of the Case

  • French

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • Spanish