Judgment of the Court (Third Chamber), 11 September 2014

Groupement des cartes bancaires (CB) v European Commission

Appeal — Competition — Agreements, decisions and concerted practices — Article 81(1) EC — Payment cards system in France — Decision by an association of undertakings — Issuing market — Pricing measures applicable to ‘new entrants’ — Membership fee, mechanism for ‘regulating the acquiring function’ and ‘dormant member “wake-up”’ mechanism — Concept of restriction of competition ‘by object’ — Examination of the degree of harm to competition

Case C‑67/13 P



Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
31/10/2014 CB v Commission
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2014:2204
11/09/2014 CB v Commission
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2014:2204
11/09/2014 CB v Commission
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2014:1958
27/03/2014 CB v Commission
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
05/04/2013 CB v Commission
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Appeal brought against the judgment of the General Court (Seventh Chamber) of 29 November 2012 in Case T-491/07 CB v Commission, in which the General Court dismissed the action brought by the appellant against Commission Decision C(2007) 5060 final of 17 October 2007 relating to a proceeding under Article 81 [EC] (Case COMP/D1/38606 - Groupement des cartes bancaires ‘CB’) – Errors of law in the application of the concepts of restriction of competition by object and by effect – Infringement of the principles of proportionality and of legal certainty

Systematic classification scheme

1.
3 Legal proceedings
  3.10 Appeals
    3.10.06 Pleas in law
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
3 Legal proceedings
  3.02 Actions for annulment
    3.02.04 Pleas in law
      3.02.04.05 Scope and limits of review by the Courts
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.08 Competition
    4.08.03 Implementation of the competition rules
      4.08.03.02 Procedure for the application of the competition rules by the Commission
        4.08.03.02.08 Decision of the Commission
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.08 Competition
    4.08.01 Agreements, decisions and concerted practices
      4.08.01.01 Prohibition of agreements, decisions and concerted practices
        4.08.01.01.02 Restriction of competition
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.08 Competition
    4.08.01 Agreements, decisions and concerted practices
      4.08.01.01 Prohibition of agreements, decisions and concerted practices
        4.08.01.01.02 Restriction of competition


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Opinion

  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 81 -P1 : points 24 - 71, 109, 115, 116, 122, 123, 138, 157, 159, 169, 170
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 81 -P3 : point 123
  • TFEU - Protocol No 3 -A36 : point 156
  • TFEU - Protocol No 3 -A53L1 : point 156
  • TFEU, Article 101 -P1 : point 50
  • TFEU, Article 256 : point 76
  • TEU, Article 5 -P4 : point 164
  • Decision 2001/782 : points 135, 143, 144
  • Decision 2001/914 : points 135, 143, 144
  • Regulation 1/2003 -A07P1 : point 164
  • Commission - Other Acts - 52004XC0427(07) : point 55
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -56/64 : point 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -56/64 : points 39, 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -56/65 : points 38, 61, 158
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -19/77 : points 39, 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -96/82 : point 117
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/83 : point 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -243/83 : point 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -161/84 : point 125
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -306/96 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -309/99 : points 44, 100
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -204/00 : point 112
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -418/01 : point 130
  • General Court - Judgment T -168/01 : point 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -551/03 : points 41, 109, 117
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -501/06 : points 48, 61, 157
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -209/07 : points 21, 38, 39, 61, 66 - 72, 116, 117, 119, 135, 145, 158
  • General Court - Judgment T -491/07 : points 1 - 174
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -8/08 : point 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -8/08 : points 39, 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 : point 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -260/09 : point 112
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -272/09 : point 21
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -439/09 : point 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -389/10 : point 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -628/10 : point 76
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -32/11 : points 54, 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -32/11 : points 50, 61, 108
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -287/11 : point 112


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 08/02/2013

Date of the Opinion

  • 27/03/2014

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

11/09/2014


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 409 from 17.11.2014, p.8

Application: OJ C 114 from 20.04.2013, p.24

Name of the parties

CB v Commission

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Von Köckritz, Christian: Kartellrecht: Bezweckte Wettbewerbsbeschränkung – CB, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2014 p.907-908 (DE)
  2. Heinisch, Oliver: The object of the exercise - A look at the ECJ's landmark Groupement des Cartes Bancaires decision, Competition Law Insight 2014 Vol. 13 Issue 11 p.16-17 (EN)
  3. Giraud, Adrien: Exégèse de l'arrêt Groupement des Cartes Bancaires, Revue Lamy droit des affaires 2014 nº 98 p.43-48 (FR)
  4. Clifton, Michael-James ; Francis, Andrew: Back to the Future: A Narrower Interpretation of «by Object» Restrictions. A Postscript from London: What Has Cartes Bancaires Got to Do with Land Agreements Potentially within Chapter I of the Competition Act 1998 and Article 101 TFEU?, European Law Reporter 2014 p.302-312 (EN)
  5. Prieto, Catherine: Cour de justice, 3e ch., 11 septembre 2014, Groupement des cartes bancaires (CB), aff. C-67/13 P, ECLI:EU:C:2014:2204, Jurisprudence de la CJUE 2014 (Ed. Bruylant - Bruxelles) 2014 p.509-512 (FR)
  6. Idot, Laurence: Notion de restriction de concurence par objet, Europe 2014 Novembre nº 11 p.37-38 (FR)
  7. Cardoso Pereira, João: Groupement des cartes bancaires : Reshaping the Object Box, Revista de concorrência e regulação 2014 p.265-279 (EN)
  8. Murray, Grant: In search of the obvious: Groupement des Cartes Bancaires and "By O0734bject" infringements under EU competition law, European Competition Law Review 2015 Vol.36 p.47-51 (EN)
  9. Wolf, Christoph: Bezweckte Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen nach dem Urteil „Groupement des cartes bancaires“, Neue Zeitschrift für Kartellrecht 2015 p.78-85 (DE)
  10. Giraud, Adrien: Exégèse de l'arrêt Groupement des Cartes Bancaires , Revue Lamy de la Concurrence : droit, économie, régulation 2015 nº 42 p.26-31 (FR)
  11. Robin, Catherine: Sévère remise en cause de l'appréciation du Tribunal de la restriction de concurrence par « objet », Revue Lamy de la Concurrence : droit, économie, régulation 2015 nº 42 p.36 (FR)
  12. Lettl, Tobias: Bezwecken einer Wettbewerbsbeschränkung nach Art. 101 Abs. 1 AEUV, § 1 GWB am Beispiel von Tarifmaßnahmen zwischen Banken zu einem Kartenzahlungssystem – zugleich Besprechung von EuGH, Urt. vom 11.9.2014, C-67/13 P - CB/Kommission = WM 2015, 368 –, Wertpapier-Mitteilungen 2015 p.1037-1043 (DE)
  13. Tannebaum, Sina: The Concept of the Restriction of Competition ‘By Object’ and Article 101(1) TFEU, Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law 2015 p.138-148 (EN)
  14. Ruiz Calzado , Xavier ; Scordamaglia-Tousis, Andreas: Groupement des Cartes Bancaires v Commission: Shedding Light on What is not a ‘by object’ Restriction of Competition , Journal of European Competition Law & Practice 2015 Vol. 6 nº 7 p.495-498 (EN)
  15. Andersson, Helene: EU-domstolens dom i Cartes Bancaires-målet - Konkurrensbegränsande syfte eller effekt - vari ligger egentligen skillnaden?, Europarättslig tidskrift 2015 Nr 2 p.371-378 (SV)
  16. Chobanova, Svetlana: The notion of «restriction of competition by object», Европейски правен преглед 2015 nº 11 p.79-98 (BG)
  17. Nyeső, Anita: Versenykorlátozó cél megítélése az Európai Unió Bírósága Cartes Bancaires-ügyben hozott ítélete tükrében, Versenytükör 2015 2. szám p.106-113 (HU)
  18. Schwarz, Daniel: Immoveable objects - The evolution of object restrictions after the Cartes Bancaires case, Competition Law Insight 2016 Vol. 15 Issue 1 p.14-15 (EN)
  19. Alvin Sng, Yi Heng: The distinction between "Object" and "Effect" in EU competition law and concerns after Groupement des cartes bancaires, European Competition Law Review 2016 p.179-185 (EN)
  20. Brankin, Sean-Paul: The substantive standard behind the object/effect distinction post-Cartes Bancaires, European Competition Law Review 2016 p.376-383 (EN)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Competition

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Actions for annulment
  • Appeals : application granted

Formation of the Court

troisième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Ó Caoimh

Advocate General

Wahl

Language(s) of the Case

  • French

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French