Judgment of the Court (Second Chamber) of 7 July 2016

Emmanuel Lebek v Janusz Domino

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Sąd Najwyższy

Judicial cooperation in civil matters — Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 — Article 34(2) — Defendant not entering an appearance — Recognition and enforcement of judgments — Grounds for refusing enforcement — Document instituting proceedings not served on the defendant in sufficient time — Concept of ‘proceedings to challenge a judgment’ — Application for relief — Regulation (EC) No 1393/2007 — Article 19(4) — Service of judicial and extrajudicial documents — Period within which an application for relief may be submitted

Case C-70/15


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
26/08/2016 Lebek
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2016:524
07/07/2016 Lebek
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2016:524
07/07/2016 Lebek
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2016:226
07/04/2016 Lebek
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
30/04/2015 Lebek
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.03 Service


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • TFEU, Article 288 -L2 : paragraph 51
  • Regulation 1348/2000 : paragraphs 1, 5
  • Regulation 1348/2000 -A19 : paragraph 5
  • Regulation 44/2001 : paragraphs 32, 33
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A26P1 : paragraph 4
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A26P2 : paragraphs 4, 5
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A26P3 : paragraph 5
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A33P1 : paragraph 6
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34PT2 : paragraphs 1, 7, 23, 25, 26, 28, 30 - 32, 38, 39, 40, 41, 46, 49
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A35 : paragraph 8
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A38P1 : paragraph 9
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A45 : paragraph 10
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A45P1 : paragraph 39
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C16 : paragraphs 3, 33, 36
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C17 : paragraphs 3, 33, 36
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C18 : paragraphs 3, 35, 36
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C2 : paragraphs 3, 33
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C6 : paragraphs 3, 33
  • Regulation 1393/2007 : paragraphs 21, 52
  • Regulation 1393/2007 -A01 : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 1393/2007 -A19P4 : paragraphs 1, 13, 27, 28 - 30, 44, 45, 47, 50, 53, 54, 57, 58
  • Regulation 1393/2007 -A23P1 : paragraphs 14, 15, 53
  • Regulation 1393/2007 -C12 : paragraph 11
  • Regulation 1393/2007 -C6 : paragraph 11
  • Regulation 1393/2007 -C7 : paragraph 11
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A27PT2 : paragraphs 34, 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -443/03 -N46 : paragraph 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/05 -N20 : paragraph 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/05 -N23 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/05 -N24 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/05 -N39 : paragraph 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/05 -N40 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -420/07 -N41 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -420/07 -N73 : paragraph 36
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -14/08 -N49 : paragraph 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -367/09 -N68 : paragraph 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -4/10 -N40 : paragraph 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -89/10 -N42 : paragraph 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -327/10 -N50 : paragraph 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -619/10 -N32 : paragraph 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -394/12 -N48 : paragraph 51

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 44/2001 -A34PT2
  • Interprets : Regulation 1393/2007 -A19P4L3

Opinion

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 47 -P2 : point 25
  • Regulation 44/2001 : points 1, 2, 4, 24
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34PT2 : points 1, 2, 4, 6, 15 - 18, 20 - 26, 28 - 30, 32, 38
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A45P1 : point 7
  • Regulation 1393/2007 : points 23, 34, 36
  • Regulation 1393/2007 : points 5, 21, 22
  • Regulation 1393/2007 -A01 : point 8
  • Regulation 1393/2007 -A19P1 : point 35
  • Regulation 1393/2007 -A19P2 : point 35
  • Regulation 1393/2007 -A19P4 : points 9, 15, 21 - 23, 33 - 38
  • Regulation 1103/2008 : point 1
  • Brussels Convention 1968 : point 2
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A27PT2 : point 2
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/05 -N20 : point 24
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/05 -N24 : point 24
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/05 -N27 : point 25
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -305/05 -N31 : point 25
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -420/07 -N73 : point 25
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -559/14 : point 1


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 17/02/2015

Date of the Opinion

  • 07/04/2016

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

07/07/2016


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 335 from 12.09.2016, p.12

Application: OJ C 171 from 26.05.2015, p.13

Name of the parties

Lebek

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Bach, Ivo: Anerkennungshindernis bei Nicht­stellung eines Antrags auf Wiedereinsetzung in den vorigen Stand, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2016 p.621-622 (DE)
  2. Leroy, Etienne: L'exequatur aux confins de la coopération judiciaire européenne et du respect des droits de l'homme ou le paradigme de l'homme avisé mais pas informé, Ius & Actores 2016 p.439-453 (FR)
  3. Idot, Laurence: Motifs de refus de reconnaissance, Europe 2016 Octobre Comm. nº 10 p.40-41 (FR)
  4. Nourissat, Cyril: Reconnaissance et exécution : la Cour de justice de l'Union européenne conforte sa nouvelle construction sur la purge des procédures dans l'État d'origine, Procédures 2016 nº 12 p.24-25 (FR)
  5. Poissonnier, Ghislain ; Dupont, Pascal: Le casse-tête de la législation européenne de prévention du terrorisme appliquée aux groupes armés, La Semaine Juridique - édition générale 2017 nº 40 p.1769 (FR)
  6. Pilich, Mateusz: Niezaskarżenie wyroku zaocznego, niedoręczonego pozwanemu w czasie umożliwiającym przewrócenie terminu jako przyczyna odmowy wykonania orzeczenia w innym państwie członkowskim UE, Polski Proces Cywilny 2017 Numer 02 p.276-284 (PL)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Sąd Najwyższy (Cour suprême) - Poland

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters

Provisions of national law referred to

Code de procédure civile, article 540

FR - Code de procédure civile, article 540

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

deuxième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Toader

Advocate General

Kokott

Language(s) of the Case

  • Polish

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • German