Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber), 19 December 2013

Rahmanian Koushkaki v Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Verwaltungsgericht Berlin

Area of freedom, security and justice — Regulation (EC) No 810/2009 — Articles 21(1), 32(1) and 35(6) — Procedures and conditions for issuing uniform visas — Obligation to issue a visa — Assessment of the risk of illegal immigration — Intention of the applicant to leave the territory of the Member States before the expiry of the visa applied for — Reasonable doubt — Discretion of the competent authorities

Case C‑84/12


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
07/02/2014 Koushkaki
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2013:862
19/12/2013 Koushkaki
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2013:862
19/12/2013 Koushkaki
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2013:232
11/04/2013 Koushkaki
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
20/04/2012 Koushkaki
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Verwaltungsgericht Berlin – Interpretation of Regulation (EC) No 810/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 establishing a Community Code on Visas (OJ 2009 L 243, p. 1), in particular Articles 21(1) and 32(1) – Procedures and conditions for granting visas – Right of an applicant for a visa who satisfies the entry conditions to be granted a visa – Assessment of the risk of illegal immigration – Discretion of the Member States concerned

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.02 Crossing of external borders
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.02 Crossing of external borders
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.02 Crossing of external borders


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Regulation 562/2006 -A05P1 : paragraphs 3, 59
  • Regulation 767/2008 -A12 : paragraph 40
  • Regulation 767/2008 -A12P2 : paragraphs 4, 41
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A01P1 : paragraphs 6, 49
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A04P1 : paragraphs 7, 60, 65
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A04P2 : paragraphs 7, 60, 65
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A04P3 : paragraphs 7, 60, 65
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A04P4 : paragraphs 7, 60, 65
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A14 : paragraph 15
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A14P1LD : paragraphs 8, 71
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A21 : paragraphs 27, 30
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A21P1 : paragraphs 1, 9, 25 - 28, 32, 61, 64, 71, 73
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A21P2 : paragraph 28
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A21P3 : paragraph 28
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A21P4 : paragraph 28
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A21P5 : paragraph 28
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A21P6 : paragraph 28
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A21P7 : paragraphs 9, 28, 57
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A21P8 : paragraphs 9, 28, 58
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A21P9 : paragraph 28
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A23P4 : paragraphs 10, 30, 63, 77
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A23P4LC : paragraph 37
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A32P1 : paragraphs 1, 11, 25, 26, 30, 32, 35 - 39, 41, 42, 47, 52, 53, 55, 60, 61, 63 - 65, 73, 77
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A32P1LA : paragraph 35
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A32P1LAPT6 : paragraph 66
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A32P1LB : paragraphs 35, 62, 66, 67
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A32P2 : paragraphs 11, 12, 38
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A32P3 : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A32P5 : paragraphs 11, 40
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A34 : paragraphs 13, 43
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A34P1 : paragraph 44
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A34P2 : paragraph 44
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A34P6 : paragraph 42
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A35 : paragraph 14
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A35P1LB : paragraph 39
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A35P6 : paragraphs 39, 41, 42, 52, 55, 60, 63, 65, 77
  • Regulation 810/2009 -C3 : paragraphs 5, 52
  • Regulation 810/2009 -C18 : paragraph 5
  • Regulation 810/2009 -C28 : paragraphs 5, 49
  • Regulation 810/2009 -N2 : paragraph 15
  • Regulation 810/2009 -N6 : paragraphs 16, 38, 39, 42, 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -60/02 : paragraph 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -208/05 : paragraph 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/07 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -239/09 : paragraph 76
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -84/12 : paragraph 69
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -11/12 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -83/12 : paragraph 50

Operative part

Information not available

Opinion

  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 62 -PT2LA : point 53
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 62 -PT2LB : point 53
  • Regulation 539/2001 : point 50
  • Regulation 539/2001 -A01P1 : point 2
  • Regulation 539/2001 -A02 : point 50
  • Regulation 539/2001 -C5 : point 51
  • Regulation 539/2001 -N1 : points 3, 49
  • Regulation 562/2006 : point 4
  • Regulation 562/2006 -A05 : point 5
  • Regulation 562/2006 -A05P1LB : point 50
  • Regulation 562/2006 -A07P3LA : point 50
  • Regulation 810/2009 : points 1, 20, 68
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A01P1 : points 9, 29
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A01P2 : points 9, 50
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A01P2LA : point 47
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A02PT2 : point 50
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A03 : point 50
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A05P1 : point 30
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A14 : point 29
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A14P1LD : point 29
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A16 : point 61
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A18 : point 61
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A21 : points 10, 28, 30, 37 - 39, 41, 63, 65
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A21P1 : points 20, 25, 30, 31, 36, 68
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A21P3LD : point 24
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A23 : point 61
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A24 : point 41
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A24P1 : point 58
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A25 : points 41, 57
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A26 : point 41
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A27 : point 41
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A28 : point 41
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A29 : point 41
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A30 : point 41
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A32 : points 11, 31
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A32P1 : points 20, 28, 37 - 39, 41, 43, 63, 65
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A32P1LA : point 24
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A32P1LB : points 20, 31, 32, 36, 68
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A32P2 : point 61
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A32P3 : points 55, 61
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A39 : point 64
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A51 : point 35
  • Regulation 810/2009 -A58P5 : point 55
  • Regulation 810/2009 -C3 : point 42
  • Regulation 810/2009 -C4 : point 50
  • Regulation 810/2009 -C5 : point 50
  • Regulation 810/2009 -C6 : points 6, 64
  • Regulation 810/2009 -C7 : point 64
  • Regulation 810/2009 -C14 : point 51
  • Regulation 810/2009 -C18 : points 7, 42, 43, 51
  • Regulation 810/2009 -C22 : point 42
  • Regulation 810/2009 -C28 : point 29
  • Regulation 810/2009 -C29 : points 8, 64
  • Regulation 810/2009 -N1 : point 61
  • Regulation 810/2009 -N2 : point 30
  • Regulation 810/2009 -N6 : point 61
  • Agreement between Member States - 42000A0922(02) : point 42
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52006PC0403 : point 34
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52006PC0403 -A18P7 : point 32
  • Council - Other Acts - 52010XG0504(01) : point 48
  • Council - Other Acts - 52010XG0504(01) -PT5.2 : point 48
  • Commission - COM Document (Other than Draft Legislation) - 52012DC0648 : point 1
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -294/83 : point 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -503/03 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -83/12 : point 42


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 17/02/2012

Date of the Opinion

  • 11/04/2013

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

19/12/2013


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 133 from 05.05.2012, p.17

Judgment: OJ C 52 from 22.02.2014, p.7

Name of the parties

Koushkaki

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Huber, Bertold: Verweigerung eines einheitlichen Schengen-Visums, Neue Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsrecht 2014 p.293-294 (DE)
  2. Pfersich, Andreas: Einheitliches Visum, Erteilung, Risiko der rechtswidrigen Einwanderung, Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik 2014 p.289 (DE)
  3. Carlier, Jean-Yves: Droit européen des migrations, Journal de droit européen 2014 nº 207 p.105-114 (FR)
  4. Barbou Des Places, Ségolène: Conditions de délivrance des visas, Revue critique de droit international privé 2014 nº 2 p.390-396 (FR)
  5. Delzangles, Béatrice ; Louvaris, Antoine: Visas humanitaires et Charte des droits fondamentaux : la confrontation n'a pas eu lieu, Journal de droit européen 2017 nº 239 p.170-176 (FR)
  6. Carlier, Jean-Yves ; Leboeuf, Luc: Droit européen des migrations, Journal de droit européen 2018 p.95-110 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Verwaltungsgericht Berlin - Germany

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Bay Larsen

Advocate General

Mengozzi

Language(s) of the Case

  • German

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French