Judgment of the Court (Third Chamber) of 25 July 2018

Société des produits Nestlé SA and Others v Mondelez UK Holdings & Services Ltd

Appeal — EU trade mark — Three-dimensional mark representing the shape of a four-fingered chocolate bar — Appeal directed against the grounds — Inadmissibility — Regulation (EC) No 207/2009 — Article 7(3) — Evidence of distinctive character acquired through use

Joined Cases C-84/17 P, C-85/17 P and C-95/17 P



Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2018:596
25/07/2018 Société des produits Nestlé v Mondelez UK Holdings & Services
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2018:596
25/07/2018 Société des produits Nestlé v Mondelez UK Holdings & Services
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2018:266
19/04/2018 Société des produits Nestlé v Mondelez UK Holdings & Services
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2018:16
12/01/2018 Société des produits Nestlé v Mondelez UK Holdings & Services
Application (OJ)
19/05/2017 Société des produits Nestlé v Mondelez UK Holdings & Services
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
3 Legal proceedings
  3.10 Appeals
    3.10.06 Pleas in law
3 Legal proceedings
  3.08 Procedural rules
    3.08.08 Judgments and orders
      3.08.08.02 Res judicata
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.03 Other questions of substantive law
        4.11.03.03.02 Genuine use of a mark
          4.11.03.03.02.01 Concept and criteria for assessment
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.01 Absolute grounds for refusal
        4.11.03.01.12 Acquisition of distinctive character through use
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.01 Absolute grounds for refusal
        4.11.03.01.12 Acquisition of distinctive character through use


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • TFEU - Protocol No 3 -A40L2 : paragraph 26
  • TFEU - Protocol No 3 -A56L1 : paragraph 39
  • TFEU - Protocol No 3 -A56L2 : paragraph 39
  • TFEU, Article 252 -L2 : paragraph 31
  • Regulation 40/94 -A15P1 : paragraph 70
  • Regulation 207/2009 : paragraph 80
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A01P2 : paragraphs 2, 66
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A07 : paragraph 3
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A07P1LB : paragraphs 9, 67, 75
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A07P2 : paragraphs 67, 73, 75
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A07P3 : paragraphs 9, 10, 19, 56 - 58, 60, 64, 68, 70, 75, 78, 83, 87, 88
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A15P1 : paragraphs 69, 71
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A15P1L1 : paragraph 70
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A52 : paragraph 4
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A52P2 : paragraphs 10, 19, 56, 57
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A65 : paragraph 5
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (2012) -A83 : paragraph 27
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (2012) -A169P1 : paragraphs 40, 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/99 : paragraph 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/99 -N19 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/99 -N20 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/99 -N21 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/99 -N22 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/99 -N23 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/99 -N24 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/99 -N25 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/99 -N26 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/00 -N22 : paragraph 85
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -25/05 -N83 : paragraph 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -539/10 -N44 : paragraph 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -539/10 -N49 : paragraph 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -539/10 -N50 : paragraph 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -98/11 : paragraphs 29, 35, 60, 64, 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -98/11 -N61 : paragraph 76
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -98/11 -N63 : paragraph 76
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -149/11 : paragraphs 63, 69, 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -149/11 -N50 : paragraph 74
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -12/12 : paragraphs 71, 72
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -12/12 -N34 : paragraph 70
  • General Court - Judgment T -112/13 : paragraphs 1 - 89
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -164/15 -N31 : paragraph 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -122/16 -N51 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -418/16 -N30 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -84/17 : paragraphs 28 - 34, 41, 58, 81

Operative part

Opinion

  • TFEU - Protocol No 3 -A56 : points 31, 32, 41
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A01P2 : points 3, 60
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A07 : point 4
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A07P1LB : points 8, 34, 38, 60
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A07P1LC : points 38, 39
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A07P2 : points 60, 64, 81
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A07P3 : points 9, 10, 20, 30, 35, 38 - 40, 48, 51, 55, 57, 61
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A52 : point 5
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A52P2 : points 10, 20, 30, 48
  • Regulation 209/2009 -A07P1LB : points 39, 61, 63
  • Regulation 209/2009 -A07P1LC : point 61
  • Regulation 209/2009 -A07P1LD : point 61
  • Regulation 209/2009 -A07P3 : point 81
  • Regulation 209/2009 -A07P13 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (2012) -A169P1 : points 31, 42, 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/99 : points 38, 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/01 -N42 : point 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -25/05 : points 62, 63, 67
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -25/05 -N81 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -25/05 -N82 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -25/05 -N83 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -329/09 -N49 : point 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -329/09 -N50 : point 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -539/10 -N43 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -539/10 -N44 : points 33, 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -539/10 -N45 : points 33, 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -98/11 : points 2, 48, 51, 55, 57, 59, 62, 65, 75, 76, 81, 82
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -149/11 -N42 : point 78
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -439/11 -N42 : point 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -404/12 -N31 : point 44
  • General Court - Judgment T -359/12 : point 84
  • General Court - Judgment T -360/12 : point 84
  • General Court - Judgment T -112/13 : point 1
  • Court of Justice - Order C -363/15 : point 58
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -122/16 -N40 : point 32
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -122/16 -N41 : point 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -122/16 -N51 : point 43


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 15/02/2017

Date of the Opinion

  • 19/04/2018

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

25/07/2018


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 328 from 17.09.2018, p.10

Application: OJ C 161 from 22.05.2017, p.9

Name of the parties

Société des produits Nestlé v Mondelez UK Holdings & Services

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Pohar, Klemen: Pridobljen razlikovalni učinek znamke oblike čokolade Kit Kat, Pravna praksa 2018 nº 35 p.28-29 (SL)
  2. Basire, Yann: Règlement 207/2009, art. 7 § 3 - Distinctivité - Acquisition de la distinctivité par l'usage - Preuve, Propriétés intellectuelles 2018 n° 69 p.64-66 (FR)
  3. Hofmarcher, Dominik: Zur öffentlichen Wiedergabe eines frei zugänglichen Fotos im Internet, Ecolex 2018 note 11 p.1014-1015 (DE)
  4. Berendschot, Huib ; Janssens, Karel: On three dimensional marks and evidence of distinctive character acquired through use, Landmark IP Decisions of the European Court of Justice (2014-2018) (Larcier) 2019 p. 239-243 (EN)
  5. Palágyi, Tivadar: Külföldi hírek az iparjogvédelem területéröl, Iparjogvédelmi és Szerzői Jogi Szemle 2019 00. szám p.157-159 (HU)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Intellectual, industrial and commercial property
  • - Trade marks

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Actions for annulment
  • Appeals : dismissal on substantive grounds
  • Actions for annulment
  • Appeals : dismissal on grounds of inadmissibility

Formation of the Court

troisième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Vilaras

Advocate General

Wathelet

Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French