Judgment of the Court of First Instance (Grand Chamber) of 17 September 2007.

Microsoft Corp. v Commission of the European Communities.

Competition - Abuse of dominant position - Client PC operating systems - Work group server operating systems - Streaming media players - Decision finding infringements of Article 82 EC - Refusal of the dominant undertaking to supply and authorise the use of interoperability information - Supply by the dominant undertaking of its client PC operating system conditional on the simultaneous acquisition of its media player - Remedies - Appointment of an independent monitoring trustee - Fine - Determination of the amount - Proportionality.

Case T-201/04.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
10/11/2007 Microsoft v Commission
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:T:2007:289
17/09/2007 Microsoft v Commission
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:T:2007:289
17/09/2007 Microsoft v Commission
Order
ECLI:EU:T:2005:427
28/11/2005 Microsoft v Commission
Order
ECLI:EU:T:2005:149
28/04/2005 Microsoft v Commission
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order (Summary)
ECLI:EU:T:2005:149
28/04/2005 Microsoft v Commission
Order (OJ)
19/03/2005 Microsoft v Commission
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Order
ECLI:EU:T:2005:587
09/03/2005 Microsoft v Commission
Order (Summary)
ECLI:EU:T:2004:372
22/12/2004 Microsoft v Commission
Order
ECLI:EU:T:2004:372
22/12/2004 Microsoft v Commission
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order
ECLI:EU:T:2004:246
26/07/2004 Microsoft v Commission
Order (Summary)
ECLI:EU:T:2004:246
26/07/2004 Microsoft v Commission
Application (OJ)
10/07/2004 Microsoft v Commission
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2007 II-03601

Subject-matter

Annul the Commission Decision of 24 March 2004 in proceedings regarding the application of Article 82 of the EC Treaty (Case COMP/C-3/37.792 Microsoft), concerning competition conditions in the markets of work group server operating systems and multimedia players or, in the alternative, annul or reduce the fine imposed on the applicant

Systematic classification scheme

1.
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.03 Implementation of the competition rules
      B-07.03.02 Procedure for the application of the competition rules by the Commission
        B-07.03.02.00 General
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-19 Legal proceedings
    B-19.08 Procedural rules
      B-19.08.01 Admissibility and examination of applications, forms of order sought and pleas in law
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.04 Abuse of a dominant position
        B-07.02.04.01 Definition of abuse
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.04 Abuse of a dominant position
        B-07.02.04.01 Definition of abuse
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.04 Abuse of a dominant position
        B-07.02.04.02 Examples of abuse
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.04 Abuse of a dominant position
        B-07.02.04.01 Definition of abuse
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.04 Abuse of a dominant position
        B-07.02.04.01 Definition of abuse
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.02 Determination of the relevant market
        B-07.02.02.01 Product or products constituting a market
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.04 Abuse of a dominant position
        B-07.02.04.02 Examples of abuse
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.04 Abuse of a dominant position
        B-07.02.04.01 Definition of abuse
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.04 Abuse of a dominant position
        B-07.02.04.01 Definition of abuse
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.04 Abuse of a dominant position
        B-07.02.04.01 Definition of abuse
A The Community legal order
  A-05 Interpretation of Community law
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-25 International agreements
    B-25.04 Effects. Scope and limits
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.04 Abuse of a dominant position
        B-07.02.04.01 Definition of abuse
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.04 Abuse of a dominant position
        B-07.02.04.01 Definition of abuse
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.04 Abuse of a dominant position
        B-07.02.04.01 Definition of abuse
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.04 Abuse of a dominant position
        B-07.02.04.01 Definition of abuse
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.04 Abuse of a dominant position
        B-07.02.04.01 Definition of abuse
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.02 Dominant position
      B-07.02.04 Abuse of a dominant position
        B-07.02.04.01 Definition of abuse
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-19 Legal proceedings
    B-19.02 Actions for annulment
      B-19.02.03 Pleas in law
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-25 International agreements
    B-25.07 GATT and WTO
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.03 Implementation of the competition rules
      B-07.03.02 Procedure for the application of the competition rules by the Commission
        B-07.03.02.08 Decision of the Commission
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-07 Competition
    B-07.03 Implementation of the competition rules
      B-07.03.02 Procedure for the application of the competition rules by the Commission
        B-07.03.02.09 Fines
          B-07.03.02.09.02 Determining the amount of the fine


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Information not available

Opinion

Information not available


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 07/06/2004

Date of the Opinion

Information not available

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

17/09/2007


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 179 from 10.07.2004, p.18

Order: OJ C 69 from 19.03.2005, p.16

Judgment: OJ C 269 from 10.11.2007, p.45

Name of the parties

Microsoft v Commission

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Sitar, Oliver: The EU Microsoft Decision: Preserving Interoperability, Access and Free Choice in Software Markets, Medien und Recht International 2004 p.2-5 (EN)
  2. Lee, Dianna: Microsoft Corp. v Commission of the European Communities - CFI upholds 2004 Commission finding against Microsoft for abuse of dominance, Bulletin of international legal developments 2007 Vol.18 p.205-208 (EN)
  3. Zarka, Jean-Claude: Microsoft et la justice européenne. À propos de l'arrêt du Tribunal de première instance des Communautés européennes du 17 septembre 2007, Gazette du Palais 2007 nº 292-293 p.11-12 (FR)
  4. Debroux, Michel: Arrêt Microsoft: articulation entre droits de propriété intellectuelle et abus de dominance, La Semaine Juridique - entreprise et affaires 2007 nº 2304 p.23-25 (FR)
  5. Debroux, Michel ; Dufour, Olivia: Microsoft, une victoire éclatante pour la Commission européenne !, Petites affiches. La Loi / Le Quotidien juridique 2007 nº 190 p.3-5 (FR)
  6. Prieto, Catherine: Le TPICE rejette le recours formé par Microsoft condamné pour deux abus de position dominante: le refus de fournir des informations en vue d'une interopérabilité des logiciels pour serveurs de groupes de travail avec son logiciel d'exploitation Windows; la vente liée de son lecteur multimédia avec le logiciel Windows, Concurrences : revue des droits de la concurrence 2007 nº 4 p.78-82 (FR)
  7. Solda-Kutzmann, Donatella: Abuso di posizione dominante nel mercato dei sistemi operativi, Giurisprudenza italiana 2007 p.2145-2146 (IT)
  8. Prieto, Catherine: La condamnation de Microsoft ou l'alternative européenne à l'antitrust américain, Recueil Le Dalloz 2007 p.2884-2889 (FR)
  9. Arhel, Pierre: L'affaire Microsoft (À propos de la décision du TPICE du 17 septembre 2007), Petites affiches. La Loi / Le Quotidien juridique 2007 nº 233 p.3-10 (FR)
  10. Körber, Torsten: Wettbewerb in dynamischen Märkten zwischen Innovationsschutz und Machtmissbrauch - Zum Microsoft-Urteil des EuG vom 17.9.2007, Wirtschaft und Wettbewerb 2007 p.1209-1218 (DE)
  11. Finbak, Christine: A landmark judgment: the Commission´s long awaited victory in the Microsoft case, European Law Reporter 2007 p.443-448 (EN)
  12. Idot, Laurence: L'arrêt Microsoft: simple adaptation ou nouvelle interprétation de l'article 82 CE?, Europe 2007 Décembre Etudes nº 22 p.5-11 (FR)
  13. Arhel, Pierre: Activité des juridictions communautaires en droit de la concurrence (septembre 2007), Petites affiches. La Loi / Le Quotidien juridique 2007 nº 256 p.11-12 (FR)
  14. Bartosch, Andreas: Das Urteil des Europäischen Gerichts erster Instanz in der Rechtssache Microsoft, Recht der internationalen Wirtschaft 2007 p.908-919 (DE)
  15. Buryan, J.: Rozsudek ve věci Microsoft: odmítnutí poskytnout licenci k právům duševního vlastnictví jako zneužití dominantního postavení, Jurisprudence specialista na komentování judikatury 2007 p.18-24 (CS)
  16. Peritz, Rudolph J.R.: Microsoft e il flusso di informazioni. Note (comparatistiche) dal fronte antitrust/proprietà intellettuale, Mercato concorrenza regole 2007 p.523-533 (IT)
  17. Anderman, Steven D.: Microsoft e il problema dell'interoperabilità, Mercato concorrenza regole 2007 p.569-574 (IT)
  18. Pardolesi, Roberto ; Renda, Andrea: Kill Bill Vol. 2, Mercato concorrenza regole 2007 p.575-585 (IT)
  19. Gstalter, Jérôme: L'arrêt Microsoft et la mise en oeuvre de l'article 82 CE. Quels enseignements pour l'analyse fondée sur les effets?, Revue trimestrielle de droit européen 2007 p.742-762 (FR)
  20. Dimitrakopoulou, K.: Evropaion Politeia 2007 p.1040-1043 (EL)
  21. Pollaud-Dulian, Frédéric: Propriétés incorporelles. Propriété littéraire et artistique, Revue trimestrielle de droit commercial et de droit économique 2007 p.715-727 (FR)
  22. Eklöf, Dan: Microsofts licensvägran i skottlinjen, Juridisk Tidskrift vid Stockholms universitet 2007-08 nr 3 p.681-692 (SV)
  23. Dietrich, Michael: Das Microsoft-Verfahren und der "more economic approach" der Kommission, MR-Int Europäische Rundschau zum Medienrecht, IP- & IT-Recht 2007 p.201-207 (DE)
  24. López Miño, Antonio: Dos abusos exclusionarios (refusal to supply y tying) en un mismo caso. La sentencia Microsoft I (Comentario a la sentencia del TPI, de 17 de septiembre de 2007; caso "Microsoft Corp., v. Comisión de las CE". Asunto T-201/04), Actas de derecho industrial y derecho de autor 2007-2008 Tomo XXVIII p.845-867 (ES)
  25. Kramler, Thomas: EuG: The judgment of the court of first instance in the Microsoft case, ÖZK aktuell : Österreichische Zeitschrift für Kartell- und Wettbewerbsrecht 2007 p.31-37 (EN)
  26. Marcellesi, Doris: Gazette du Palais 2008 nº 20-22 I Jur. p.27-30 (FR)
  27. Lévêque, François: La décision du TPICE contre Microsoft: où est passée l'économie?, Revue Lamy de la Concurrence : droit, économie, régulation 2008 nº 14 p.22-26 (FR)
  28. Robin, Catherine: Microsoft, Revue Lamy de la Concurrence : droit, économie, régulation 2008 nº 14 p.29-30 (FR)
  29. Cheynel, Benjamin: Affaire Microsoft, Revue Lamy de la Concurrence : droit, économie, régulation 2008 nº 14 p.99-101 (FR)
  30. Gunther, Jacques-Philippe ; Tayar, David: L'arrêt Microsoft marque-t-il la fin de l'externalisation du contrôle des engagements en matière de concentration?, Revue Lamy de la Concurrence : droit, économie, régulation 2008 nº 14 p.169-175 (FR)
  31. Howarth, David ; McMahon, Kathryn: "Windows has Performed an Illegal Operation": the Court of First Instance's Judgment in Microsoft v Commission, European Competition Law Review 2008 p.117-134 (EN)
  32. Speyart, Herman M.H.: Het Microsoft-arrest: enkele nieuwe inzichten over misbruik bij licentieweigering, Intellectuele eigendom & Reclamerecht 2008 p.1-4 (NL)
  33. Slot, P.J.: De zaak Microsoft, Ars aequi 2008 p.144-147 (NL)
  34. Dreher, Meinrad: Missbrauch einer marktbeherrschenden Stellung, Lizenzverweigerung, Bündelung von Produkten/"Microsoft", Entscheidungen zum Wirtschaftsrecht 2008 p.137-138 (DE)
  35. Pardolesi, Roberto ; Colangelo, Giuseppe: Microsoft, i giudici europei e l'antitrust di una volta, Il Foro italiano 2008 IV Col.114-120 (IT)
  36. Lidgard, Hans Henrik: Microsoft till rakning, Europarättslig tidskrift 2008 p.207-220 (SV)
  37. Thalmann, Peter: Der Fall Microsoft als Exerzierfeld eines "more economic approach", Wirtschaftsrechtliche Blätter 2008 p.153-162 (DE)
  38. Langer, J.: The Court of First Instance's Microsoft Decision: Just an Orthodox Ruling in an On-Orthodox Case, Legal Issues of Economic Integration 2008 p.183-195 (EN)
  39. Hausmann, Hans-Christian: Das Microsoft-Urteil: Zwischen Kartellrecht und gewerblichen Schutzrechten, Multimedia und Recht 2008 p.381-385 (DE)
  40. Mezzetti, Carlo Eligio: Diritti di proprietà intellettuale e abuso di posizione dominante: da Magill a Microsoft, Il diritto industriale 2008 p.246-251 (IT)
  41. Andreangeli, Arianna: Common Market Law Review 2008 p.863-894 (EN)
  42. Mozas, Philippe: Abus de position dominante. TPICE, 17 septembre 2007: Sté Microsoft corp. c/ Sté Sun Microsystems, Petites affiches. La Loi / Le Quotidien juridique 2008 nº 130 p.20-21 (FR)
  43. Donnat, Francis: Chronique annuelle 2007 de jurisprudence communautaire, Revue juridique de l'Economie publique 2008 nº 655 p.12-13 (FR)
  44. Moldén, Robert: Mandatory Supply of Interoperability Information: The Microsoft Judgment, European Business Organization Law Review 2008 p.305-334 (EN)
  45. Eagles, Ian ; Longdin, Louise: Microsoft's Refusal to Disclose Software Interoperability Information and the Court of First Instance, European Intellectual Property Review 2008 p.205-208 (EN)
  46. Prieto, Catherine: Droit spécial du contrat. Refus de contracter et ventes liées: les deux abus de position dominante reprochés à Microsoft, Revue des contrats 2008 p.811-814 (FR)
  47. Coppo, Gabriele: Article 82 CE et refus de licence des droits de propriété intellectuelle: nouvelles perspectives après l'arrêt "Microsoft", Revue du droit de l'Union européenne 2008 nº 4 p.783-805 (FR)
  48. Petit, Nicolas: L'arrêt Microsoft. Abus de position dominante, refus de licence et vente liée ... - l'article 82 sans code source, Journal des tribunaux / droit européen 2008 nº 145 p.8-12 (FR)
  49. Lettl, Tobias: Verstoß gegen Art. 82 EG durch Kopplungsangebote im Bereich digitaler Medien, Wertpapier-Mitteilungen 2009 p.433-442 (DE)
  50. Ludding, R.: S.E.W. ; Sociaal-economische wetgeving 2009 p.180-187 (NL)
  51. Lange, Knut Werner: Europäisches Kartellrecht und geistiges Eigentum - der Fall Microsoft, Geistiges Eigentum und Wettbewerbsrecht 2009 p.131-146 (DE)
  52. Schonger, Michael: Der Fall Microsoft, Jahrbuch für vergleichende Staats- und Rechtswissenschaften 2009 p.193-232 (DE)
  53. Velasco San Pedro, Luis Antonio ; Herrero Suárez, Carmen: Vinculación y negativa a contratar. Reflexiones en torno al caso Microsoft, Revista de Derecho de la Competencia y la Distribución 2010 nº 2 p.193-217 (ES)
  54. Шотекова, Боряна: Качеството и оценката на доказател ствата при антитръстови нарушения, Търговско и облигационно право 2014 n° 7 p.77-85 (BG)
  55. Yu, Qiang: Technically tying applications to a dominant platform in the software market and competition law, European Competition Law Review 2015 p.160-173 (EN)
  56. Globočnik, Jure: Smartphone wars und Missbrauch marktbeherrschender Stellung durch Inhaber standardessentieller Patente, Podjetje in delo 2017 nº 3-4 p.566-597 (DE)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Competition
  • - Dominant position

Procedure and result

  • Actions for annulment : application granted
  • Actions for annulment : dismissal on substantive grounds
  • Appeal brought against a sanction : dismissal on substantive grounds

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Tribunal)

Judge-Rapporteur

Cooke

Advocate General

Information not available

Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

    Information not available