Judgment of the General Court (Sixth Chamber) of 27 September 2012.
Koninklijke Wegenbouw Stevin BV v European Commission.
Competition - Agreements, decisions and concerted practices - Netherlands market in road pavement bitumen - Decision finding an infringement of Article 81 EC - Existence and classification of an agreement - Restriction of competition - Guidelines on the applicability of Article 81 EC to horizontal cooperation agreements - Rights of the defence - Fine - Aggravating circumstances - Role of instigator and leader - Absence of cooperation - Commission's powers of investigation - Right to the assistance of a lawyer - Misuse of powers - Calculation of the amount of the fines - Duration of the infringement - Unlimited jurisdiction.
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