Judgment of the General Court (Third Chamber) of 27 June 2012.
YKK Corp., YKK Holding Europe BV and YKK Stocko Fasteners GmbH v European Commission.
Competition - Agreements, decisions and concerted practices - Markets for zip fasteners and ‘other fasteners’, and for attaching machines - Decision finding an infringement of Article 81 EC - Coordinated price increases, fixing of minimum prices, customer-sharing, market-sharing and exchange of other commercial information - Single and continuous infringement - Evidence - Nature and implementation of the infringement - Real impact - Leniency Notice - Fines - Upper limit - Dissuasive effect of the fine - Equal treatment - Proportionality.
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