Judgment of the Court (First Chamber) of 28 September 2006.
Commission of the European Communities v Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Failure of a Member State to fulfil obligations - Articles 56(1) EC and 43 EC - Special shares ("golden shares') of the Netherlands State in the companies KPN and TPG - Distinction between "controlling holding', "direct investment' and "portfolio investment' in the context of fundamental freedoms - "State measure' for the purposes of fundamental freedoms - Guarantee of universal postal service.
Joined cases C-282/04 and C-283/04.
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