Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 6 October 2021

Proceedings brought by W.Ż.

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Sąd Najwyższy

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Rule of law – Effective legal protection in the fields covered by EU law – Second subparagraph of Article 19(1) TEU – Principles of the irremovability of judges and judicial independence – Transfer without consent of a judge of an ordinary court – Action – Order of inadmissibility made by a judge of the Sąd Najwyższy (Izba Kontroli Nadzwyczajnej i Spraw Publicznych) (Supreme Court (Chamber of Extraordinary Control and Public Affairs), Poland) – Judge appointed by the President of the Republic of Poland on the basis of a resolution of the National Council of the Judiciary, despite a court decision ordering that the effects of that resolution be suspended pending a preliminary ruling of the Court – Judge not constituting an independent and impartial tribunal previously established by law – Primacy of EU law – Possibility of finding such an order of inadmissibility to be null and void

Case C-487/19


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
05/11/2021 W. Ż. () and des affaires publiques de la Cour suprême - nomination)
Abstract
ECLI:EU:C:2021:798
06/10/2021 W. Ż. () and des affaires publiques de la Cour suprême - nomination)
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2021:798
06/10/2021 W. Ż. () and des affaires publiques de la Cour suprême - nomination)
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2021:289
15/04/2021 W. Ż. () and des affaires publiques de la Cour suprême - nomination)
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
20/09/2019 W. Ż. () and des affaires publiques de la Cour suprême - nomination)
Request for a preliminary ruling
25/06/2019 W. Ż. () and des affaires publiques de la Cour suprême - nomination)
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

not yet published (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.03 Obligation of good faith
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.471
04 null
  04.02 null
    04.02.02 null
      04.02.02.04
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.02 Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union
      1.04.02.03 Link between the Charter of Fundamental Rights and existing instruments
        1.04.02.03.02 Relationship with the ECHR (Article 52(3) of the Charter of Fundamental Rights)
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.471
04 null
  04.03 null
    04.03.471
03 null
  03.03
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.05 EU law and national law
    1.05.01 Direct effect, primacy and uniform application of EU law


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 26/06/2019

Date of the Opinion

  • 15/04/2021

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

06/10/2021


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Information not available

Name of the parties

W. Ż. () and des affaires publiques de la Cour suprême - nomination)

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Simon, Denys: Droits fondamentaux - Indépendance des juges nationaux, Europe Europe 2021, nº 12 Décembre, comm. 424 (FR)
  2. Leloup, Mathieu: Het arrest W.Ż.: een zoveelste klap voor de gerechtelijke hervormingen in Polen : zaak C-487/19, W.Ż, S.E.W. : Tijdschrift voor Europees en economisch recht 2022 p. 277-281 (NL)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Sąd Najwyższy - Poland

Subject-matter

  • Principles, objectives and tasks of the Treaties
  • Provisions governing the institutions
  • Fundamental rights
  • - Charter of Fundamental Rights

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Prechal

Advocate General

Tanchev

Language(s) of the Case

  • Polish

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • English