Judgment of the Court (First Chamber), 22 November 2012

M. M. v Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform and Others

Reference for a preliminary ruling from the High Court (Ireland)

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Common European Asylum System – Directive 2004/83/EC – Minimum standards for qualification for refugee status or subsidiary protection status – Article 4(1), second sentence – Cooperation of the Member State with the applicant to assess the relevant elements of his application – Scope – Lawfulness of the national procedure for processing an application for subsidiary protection following rejection of an application for refugee status – Observance of fundamental rights – Right to be heard

Case C‑277/11

Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
11/01/2013 M.
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22/11/2012 M.
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
22/11/2012 M.
26/04/2012 M.
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
15/07/2011 M.
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)


Reference for a preliminary ruling - High Court of Ireland - Interpretation of Article 4(1) of Council Directive 2004/83/EC of 29 April 2004 on minimum standards for the qualification and status of third country nationals or stateless persons as refugees or as persons who otherwise need international protection and the content of the protection granted (OJ 2004 L 304, p. 12) – Application for subsidiary protection following refusal to grant refugee status - Proposal to reject application for subsidiary protection - Obligation to provide the applicant with the results of the assessment of his application before taking a final decision

Systematic classification scheme

4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration Asylum policy

Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part



Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 06/06/2011

Date of the Opinion

  • 26/04/2012

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery



Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 226 from 30.07.2011, p.18

Judgment: OJ C 26 from 26.01.2013, p.9

Name of the parties


Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Zwaan, Karin: Rechtspraak Vreemdelingen recht (Ed. Ars Aequi Libri - Nijmegen) 2012 p.471-473 (NL)
  2. Gazin, Fabienne: Droit d'être entendu, Europe 2013 Janvier Comm. nº 1 p.29-30 (FR)
  3. Severijns, Ralph: 'M tegen Ierland' noopt niet tot aanpassing nederlandse praktijk, Asiel en Migrantenrecht 2013 p.69-75 (NL)
  4. Carlier, Jean-Yves: La libre circulation des personnes dans et vers l'Union européenne, Journal de droit européen 2013 nº 197 p.103-114 (FR)
  5. Carlier, Jean-Yves: Droit européen des migrations, Journal de droit européen 2014 nº 207 p.105-114 (FR)
  6. Carlier, Jean-Yves ; Leboeuf, Luc: Droit européen des migrations, Journal de droit européen 2018 p.95-110 (FR)
  7. Carlier, Jean-Yves ; Renaudière, Géraldine: Libre circulation des personnes dans l'Union européenne, Journal de droit européen 2018 p.141-151 (FR)

Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

High Court (Irlande) - Ireland


  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - asylum policy

Provisions of national law referred to

European Communities (Eligibility for Protection) Regulations, 2006 Refugee Act, 1996, 1996

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

première chambre (Cour)



Advocate General


Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French