Judgment of the Court (Second Chamber), 19 July 2012

Atiqullah Adil v Minister voor Immigratie, Integratie en Asiel

Reference for a preliminary ruling from the Raad van State

Area of freedom, security and justice − Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 — Community Code on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code) — Articles 20 and 21 — Abolition of border control at internal borders — Checks within the territory − Measures having an equivalent effect to border checks − National legislation authorising checks of identity, nationality and residence status by officials responsible for border surveillance and monitoring of foreign nationals in a 20 kilometre area extending from the common border with other State parties to the Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement − Checks intended to combat illegal residence − Legislation laying down certain conditions and guarantees concerning, inter alia, the frequency and intensity of the checks

Case C‑278/12 PPU

Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
26/10/2012 Adil
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Application (OJ)
07/09/2012 Adil
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19/07/2012 Adil
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
19/07/2012 Adil
09/07/2012 Adil
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)


Reference for a preliminary ruling – Raad van State – Interpretation of Article 21 of Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 establishing a Community Code on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code) (OJ 2006 L 105, p. 1) – Abolition of checks at internal borders – Possibility, for a Member State, to carry out police checks within its territory, in an area between the land border of that State with neighbouring countries and a line 20 km before that border – Checks linked to establishing compliance with the rules governing residence – Whether such checks may be carried out solely on the basis of general information relating to the unlawful presence of nationals of non-member countries within the control area or whether it is necessary to have concrete indications as to the irregularity of the situation of the person who is the subject of the check – Whether rules are permissible which establish certain quantitative criteria relating to the maximum number of checks which may be carried out within a given period

Systematic classification scheme

4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration Crossing of external borders

Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part



Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 08/06/2012

Date of the Opinion

  • 09/07/2012

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery



Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 287 from 22.09.2012, p.17

Judgment: OJ C 355 from 17.11.2012, p.8

Name of the parties


Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Gazin, Fabienne: Contrôles d'identité dans la zone des 20 kms de la frontière, Europe 2012 Octobre Comm. nº 10 p.26-27
  2. Fleuren, Wiel: Rechtspraak Vreemdelingen recht (Ed. Ars Aequi Libri - Nijmegen) 2012 p.392-393
  3. X: Pravoto na ES dopuska isvarshvaneto na kontrol na samolichnostta v 20-kilometrova zona ot obshtata granitsa s drugi darzhavi ot shengenskoto prostranstvo pri opredeleni usloviya i garantsii, svarzani s chestotata i intenzivnostta na tozi kontrol, Evropeyski praven pregled 2011 nº 4 p.179-182
  4. Carlier, Jean-Yves: La libre circulation des personnes dans et vers l'Union européenne, Journal de droit européen 2013 nº 197 p.103-114

Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Raad van State - Netherlands


  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Border checks
  • Internal market - Principles

Provisions of national law referred to

Vreemdelingenwet 2000, art. 50 en 59, lid 1, aanhef en onder b Vreemdelingenbesluit 2000, art. 4.17a

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Preliminary reference - urgent procedure

Formation of the Court

deuxième chambre (Cour)


Ó Caoimh

Advocate General


Language(s) of the Case

  • Dutch

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French