Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 15 July 2021

European Commission v Republic of Poland

Failure of a Member State to fulfil obligations – Disciplinary regime applicable to judges – Rule of law – Independence of judges – Effective legal protection in the fields covered by Union law – Second subparagraph of Article 19(1) TEU – Article 47 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union – Disciplinary offences resulting from the content of judicial decisions – Independent disciplinary courts or tribunals established by law – Respect for reasonable time and the rights of the defence in disciplinary proceedings – Article 267 TFEU – Restriction of the right of national courts to submit requests for a preliminary ruling to the Court of Justice and of their obligation to do so

Case C-791/19


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
03/09/2021 Commission v Poland (Régime disciplinaire des juges)
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2021:596
15/07/2021 Commission v Poland (Régime disciplinaire des juges)
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Abstract
ECLI:EU:C:2021:596
15/07/2021 Commission v Poland (Régime disciplinaire des juges)
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2021:366
06/05/2021 Commission v Poland (Régime disciplinaire des juges)
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2020:277
08/04/2020 Commission v Poland (Régime disciplinaire des juges)
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2020:147
03/03/2020 Commission v Poland (Régime disciplinaire des juges)
Application (OJ)
22/11/2019 Commission v Poland (Régime disciplinaire des juges)
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

not yet published (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
3 Legal proceedings
  3.01 Actions for failure to fulfil obligations
    3.01.00 General
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.03 Obligation of good faith
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.03 Obligation of good faith
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.48 Presumption of innocence and right of defence
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.03 Obligation of good faith
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.03 Obligation of good faith
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.03 Obligation of good faith
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.03 Obligation of good faith
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.03 Obligation of good faith
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.48 Presumption of innocence and right of defence
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.03 Obligation of good faith


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 25/10/2019

Date of the Opinion

  • 06/05/2021

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

15/07/2021


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Information not available

Name of the parties

Commission v Poland (Régime disciplinaire des juges)

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Simon, Denys: Droits fondamentaux - Protection juridictionnelle, Europe 2021, nº 10 Octobre, comm. 327 (FR)
  2. Pappalardo, Fabio ; Renoud, Emmanuel: La théorie des apparences, les juges et l’État de droit en Pologne, Revue des affaires européennes 2021, n° 3, p. 667-675 (FR)
  3. Spieker, Luke Dimitrios: The conflict over the Polish disciplinary regime for judges : an acid test for judicial independence, Union values and the primacy of EU law : Commission v. Poland : case C-791/19, Commission v. Poland (Régime disciplinaire des juges), Common Market Law Review 2022 p. 777-812 (EN)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Principles, objectives and tasks of the Treaties

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Action for a declaration of failure to fulfil obligations : application granted

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Prechal

Advocate General

Tanchev

Language(s) of the Case

  • Polish

Language(s) of the Opinion

    Information not available