Judgment of the Court of 5 December 1996.

Merck & Co. Inc., Merck Sharp & Dohme Ltd and Merck Sharp & Dohme International Services BV v Primecrown Ltd, Ketan Himatlal Mehta, Bharat Himatlal Mehta and Necessity Supplies Ltd and Beecham Group plc v Europharm of Worthing Ltd.

References for a preliminary ruling: High Court of Justice, Chancery Division - United Kingdom.

Act of Accession of Spain and Portugal - Interpretation of Articles 47 and 209 - End of transitional period - Articles 30 and 36 of the EC Treaty - Parallel imports of unpatentable pharmaceuticals.

Joined cases C-267/95 and C-268/95.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:1996:468
05/12/1996 Merck v Primecrown and Beecham / Europharm
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:1996:468
05/12/1996 Merck v Primecrown and Beecham / Europharm
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:1996:228
06/06/1996 Merck v Primecrown and Beecham / Europharm
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

1996 I-06285

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-23 Accession of new Member States
    B-23.02 Acts of accession
      B-23.02.03 Act of accession of Spain and Portugal
        B-23.02.03.01 Free movement of goods
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-02 Free movement of goods
    B-02.02 Prohibition of quantitative restrictions and measures having equivalent effect in trade between Member States
      B-02.02.03 Derogations
        B-02.02.03.04 Protection of industrial and commercial property


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 08/08/1995

Date of the Opinion

  • 06/06/1996

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

05/12/1996


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Applications: OJ C 248 from 23.09.1995, p.11 ; OJ C 268 from 14.10.1995, p.13

Judgment: OJ C 40 from 08.02.1997, p.3

Name of the parties

Merck v Primecrown and Beecham / Europharm

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Treacy, Pat ; Watts, Justin: Exhaustion of Rights Revisited, European Intellectual Property Review 1996 p.624-628
  2. Fiumara, Oscar: Le importazioni parallele di prodotti farmaceutici non brevettabili e il principio dell'esaurimento comunitario, Rassegna dell'avvocatura dello Stato 1996 I Sez.II p.250-262
  3. Massaguer, J.: De nuevo sobre el agotamiento comunitario del Derecho de patente nacional. (Comentario a la Sentencia del Tribunal de Justicia de las Comunidades Europeas de 5 de diciembre de 1996, asuntos acumulados C-267/95 y C-268/95, "Merck & Co. Inc. et alii, c. Primecrown Ltd. et alii y Beecham Group plc c. Europharm of Worting Ltd."), Actas de derecho industrial y derecho de autor 1996 Tomo XVII p.313-327
  4. Huglo, Jean-Guy: Gazette du Palais 1997 II Panor. p.173-174
  5. Shea, Nicholas: Parallel Importers' Use of Trade Marks: The European Court of Justice Confers Rights but also Imposes Responsibilities, European Intellectual Property Review 1997 p.103-114
  6. Brown Keyder, Virginia: European Intellectual Property Review 1997 D88-D89
  7. Wefers Bettink, H.W.: Parallelimport: de uitputting nabij?, Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht 1997 p.54
  8. Bosten, Bert ; Von Plehwe, Thomas: European Food Law Review 1997 p.64-76
  9. Britton, Isabel ; Karet, Ian: Parallel Imports Continue - The Patent Exhaustion Principle Upheld, European Intellectual Property Review 1997 p.207-209
  10. Bastianon, Stefano: Brevettabilità dei prodotti farmaceutici ed importazioni parallele. Il caso "Merck II"., Il Foro italiano 1997 IV Col.223-235
  11. Johnston, Andrew: International Trade Law & Regulation 1997 p.S26-S28
  12. Klauer, Irene: St. Galler Europarechtsbriefe 1997 p.4-7
  13. Torremans, Paul L.C. ; Stamatoudi, Irini A.: Merck v Stephar Survives the Test, European Law Review 1997 p.248-255
  14. Korah, Valentine: Merck v. Primecrown - The Exhaustion of Patents by Sale in a Member State where a Monopoly Profit could not be Earned, European Competition Law Review 1997 p.265-273
  15. Hermitte, Marie-Angèle: Journal du droit international 1997 p.594
  16. Berr, Claude J.: Journal du droit international 1997 p.531-532
  17. Bourgeois, Jacques ; Santos Lorenzo, S.: Revue du marché unique européen 1997 nº 2 p.166-168
  18. Burst, Jean-Jacques ; Kovar, Robert: Deux à zéro. Dans l'arrêt Merck du 5 décembre 1996 la Cour de Justice des Communautés Européennes confirme sa jurisprudence relative à l'épuisement du droit de brevet, La Semaine juridique - édition entreprise 1997 Suppl. nº 5 p.1-4
  19. Alexander, W.: S.E.W. ; Sociaal-economische wetgeving 1997 p.325-326
  20. Dios, José María de: Jurisprudencia del Tribunal de Justicia de las Comunidades Europeas, Revista Jurídica de Catalunya 1997 p.884-886
  21. Otero García-Castrillón, Carmen: La circulación intracomunitaria de productos farmacéuticos con especial referencia a los procedentes de España y Portugal. (Comentario a la Sentencia del TJCE de 5 de diciembre de 1996, Merck & Co. Inc. y otros c. Primecrown Ltd. y otros, y Beecham Group plc c. Europharm of worthing Ltd. as. ac. C-267/95 y C-268/95), Revista de Derecho Comunitario Europeo 1997 p.239-260
  22. Rigaux, Anne ; Dimon, Denys: Europe 1997 Février Comm. nº 46 p.19-20
  23. Schmidt, Joanna: Recueil Dalloz Sirey 1997 Som. p.335-336
  24. Buttimore, Jonathan ; O'Connor, Martine: Merck v. Primecrown and Beecham v. Europharm - a path not taken?, Irish Competition Law Reports 1997 p.2-31 - 2-45
  25. Wollmann, Hanno: Österreichische Blätter für gewerblichen Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 1997 p.207
  26. Schubert, Thure: "Merck II", "Warner Brothers" und die Renaissance möglicher Grenzen des gemeinschaftlichen Erschöpfungsgrundsatzes, Europäisches Wirtschafts- & Steuerrecht - EWS 1998 p.119-122
  27. Bonet, Georges: Propriétés intellectuelles, Revue trimestrielle de droit européen 1998 p.131-136
  28. Kastler, Bernd: Statement, Schriftenreihe europäisches Recht, Politik und Wirtschaft Bd. 205 1998 p.93-95



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

High Court of Justice (England & Wales), Chancery Division - United Kingdom

Subject-matter

  • Accession
  • Free movement of goods
  • - Quantitative restrictions
  • - Measures having equivalent effect
  • Intellectual, industrial and commercial property
  • - Patents

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

Cour plénière (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Gulmann

Advocate General

Fennelly

Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • English