Judgment of the Court (First Chamber) of 30 April 1998.

Criminal proceedings against E. Clarke & Sons (Coaches) Ltd and D.J. Ferne.

Reference for a preliminary ruling: Richmond Magistrates' Court - United Kingdom.

Social legislation relating to road transport - Compulsory use of a tachograph - Exemption for vehicles used for the carriage of passengers on regular services where the route covered does not exceed 50 km.

Case C-47/97.

Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

1998 I-02147


Preliminary ruling ─ Richmond Magistrates Court ─ Interpretation of Article 2 of Council Regulation (EEC) No 684/92 of 16 March 1992 on common rules for the international carriage of passengers by coach and bus and Article 4(3) of Council Regulation (EEC) No 3820/85 of 20 December 1985 on the harmonization of certain social legislation relating to road transport ─ Definition of specified categories of passengers ─ Groups of passengers carried between an airport and a hotel ─ Inclusion ─ Definition of special regular services

Systematic classification scheme

B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-06 Transport
    B-06.03 Road transport
      B-06.03.01 Social legislation

Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part



Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 06/02/1997

Date of the Opinion

  • 29/01/1998

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery



Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 94 from 22.03.1997, p.12

Judgment: OJ C 209 from 04.07.1998, p.8

Name of the parties

Clarke & Sons and Ferne

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Braegger, Tobias: Linienverkehr in der Personenbeförderung, European Law Reporter 1998 p.236-237

Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Richmond Magistrates' Court - United Kingdom


  • Transport
  • Social policy

Provisions of national law referred to

UK - Transport Act 1968, sections 97(1)(a)(iii), 99(1)(bb) et (4)(a)

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

première chambre (Cour)



Advocate General


Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • German