Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 30 November 2009.

Said Shamilovich Kadzoev (Huchbarov).

Reference for a preliminary ruling: Administrativen sad Sofia-grad - Bulgaria.

Visas, asylum, immigration and other policies related to free movement of persons - Directive 2008/115/EC - Return of illegally staying third-country nationals - Article 15(4) to (6) - Period of detention - Taking into account the period during which the execution of a removal decision was suspended - Concept of ‘reasonable prospect of removal’.

Case C-357/09 PPU.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
30/01/2010 Kadzoev
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2009:741
30/11/2009 Kadzoev
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2009:741
30/11/2009 Kadzoev
View
ECLI:EU:C:2009:691
10/11/2009 Kadzoev
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
07/11/2009 Kadzoev
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2009 I-11189

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Administrativen sad Sofia-grad – Interpretation of Article 15(4), (5) and (6) of European Parliament and Council Directive 2008/115/EC of 16 December 2008 on common standards and procedures in Member States for returning illegally staying third-country nationals (OJ 2008 L 348, p. 98) – Exceeding of the maximum period of detention, laid down by Article 15 of that directive, in relation to a third-country national in an irregular situation – Exceeding of that maximum duration at the date of entry into force of the directive, but before the transposition of the latter into national law, which places no time-limits on detention – Application of the rules of the directive after their transposition into national law and absence of retroactive effect for pending cases – Calculation of maximum period of detention not taking account of time elapsing during proceedings challenging the national authorities’ removal decision – Whether exceeding of that duration permissible if based on lack of identification documents and means of subsistence and on the aggressive conduct of the person concerned – Meaning of ‘ reasonable prospect of removal’

Systematic classification scheme

1.
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.07 Visas, asylum, immigration, etc.
      B-04.07.03 Immigration policy
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.07 Visas, asylum, immigration, etc.
      B-04.07.03 Immigration policy
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.07 Visas, asylum, immigration, etc.
      B-04.07.03 Immigration policy
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.07 Visas, asylum, immigration, etc.
      B-04.07.03 Immigration policy
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.07 Visas, asylum, immigration, etc.
      B-04.07.03 Immigration policy
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.07 Visas, asylum, immigration, etc.
      B-04.07.03 Immigration policy


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 07/09/2009

Date of the Opinion

  • 10/11/2009

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

30/11/2009


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 267 from 07.11.2009, p.46

Judgment: OJ C 24 from 30.01.2010, p.17

Name of the parties

Kadzoev

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Flamand, Christine: Revue du droit des étrangers 2009 p.718-719 (FR)
  2. Idot, Laurence: Première interprétation de la directive "retour", Europe 2010 Janvier Comm. nº 19 p.22 (FR)
  3. Pahladsingh, A.: Snel helderheid van het Hof over de bewaring: het arrest Kadzoev, Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht 2010 p.83-89 (NL)
  4. Lutz, Fabian: L'arrêt "Kadzoev": un premier test pour la directive "Retour", Revue du droit de l'Union européenne 2010 nº 2 p.331-345 (FR)
  5. Kauff-Gazin, Fabienne: Pas de rétention sans procédure d'éloignement et pas d'expulsion sans réadmission: comment le droit européen engendre des situations insolubles ... A propos de l'affaire Kadzoev rendue par la Cour de justice des Communautés européennes du 30 novembre 2009, C-357/09 PPU, L'Europe des libertés: revue d'actualité juridique 2010 nº 31 p.2-6 (FR)
  6. Cortés Martín, José Manuel: Jurisprudencia del Tribunal de Justicia de la Uníon Europea, Septiembre - Diciembre 2010, Revista de Derecho Comunitario Europeo 2010 nº35 p.257-322 (ES)
  7. Cornelisse, Galina: Kadzoev en de scheiding tussen het asiel- en migrantenacquis, Asiel en Migrantenrecht 2010 p.137-142 (NL)
  8. Mincheva, Ellitsa: European Journal of Migration and Law 2010 Vol. 12 p.361-371 (EN)
  9. Brandl, Ulrike: Dauer der Haft in einem Asylverfahren, Fremden- und asylrechtliche Blätter - FABL 2010 n° 1 p.10-11 (DE)
  10. Morelli, Michele: Il trattenimento degli immigrati irregolari ai sensi della "direttiva rimpatri" nella giurisprudenza della Corte di giustizia, Rivista della cooperazione giuridica internazionale 2011 p.113-119 (IT)
  11. Cornelisse, G.: Case C-357/09 PPU, proceedings concerning Said Shamilovich Kadzoev (Huchbarov), Judgment of the European Court of Justice (Grand Chamber) of 30 November 2009, Common Market Law Review 2011 Vol. 48 nº 3 p.925-945 (EN)
  12. Natale, Andrea: La direttiva rimpatri, il testo unico immigrazione ed il diritto penale dopo la sentenza El Dridi, Diritto, immigrazione e cittadinanza 2011 (IT)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Administrativen sad Sofia-grad (Tribunal administratif de Sofia) - Bulgaria

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Immigration policy

Provisions of national law referred to

Закон за акцизите и данъчните складове (Loi sur les accises et les entrepôts fiscaux), art. 19, al. 1, 41, pt. 1, 44, al. 6 et 8, 46a, al. 3, 4 et 5

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Preliminary reference - urgent procedure

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Bay Larsen

Advocate General

Mazák

Language(s) of the Case

  • Bulgarian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French