Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 9 November 2010.

Bundesrepublik Deutschland v B (C-57/09) and D (C-101/09).

References for a preliminary ruling: Bundesverwaltungsgericht - Germany.

Directive 2004/83/EC - Minimum standards for the grant of refugee status or of subsidiary protection - Article 12 - Exclusion from refugee status - Article 12(2)(b) and (c) - Notion of ‘serious non-political crime’ - Notion of ‘acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations’ - Membership of an organisation involved in terrorist acts - Subsequent inclusion of that organisation on the list of persons, groups and entities which forms the Annex to Common Position 2001/931/CFSP - Individual responsibility for part of the acts committed by that organisation - Conditions - Right of asylum by virtue of national constitutional law - Compatibility with Directive 2004/83/EC.

Joined cases C-57/09 and C-101/09.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
15/01/2011 B and D
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2010:661
09/11/2010 B and D
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2010:661
09/11/2010 B and D
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2010:302
01/06/2010 B and D
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
06/06/2009 B and D
View pdf documents
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2009:285
04/05/2009 B and D
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2010 I-10979

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Bundesverwaltungsgericht – Interpretation of Articles 3 and 12(2)(b) and (c) of Council Directive 2004/83/EC of 29 April 2004 on minimum standards for the qualification and status of third country nationals or stateless persons as refugees or as persons who otherwise need international protection and the content of the protection granted (OJ 2004 L 304, p. 12) – National of a non-member country who in his country of origin actively supported the armed struggle of an organisation included in the list of terrorist organisations in the annex to Council Common Position 2002/462/CFSP of 17 June 2002 (OJ 2002 L 160, p. 32) and has been tortured and twice sentenced to life imprisonment in that country – Application of the provisions of Directive 2004/83/EC excluding the grant of refugee status to a person who has carried on terrorist activity in his country of origin – Power of the Member States to grant refugee status on the basis of their constitutional provisions in the face of a ground of exclusion from that status under that directive

Systematic classification scheme

1.
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.02 Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 10/02/2009

Date of the Opinion

  • 01/06/2010

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

09/11/2010


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Applications: OJ C 129 from 06.06.2009, p.3

Judgment: OJ C 13 from 15.01.2011, p.4

Name of the parties

B and D

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Thurnher, Viktor ; Meusburger-Hammerer, Gabriele: Kein allgemeiner Grundsatz der Gleichbehandlung von Minderheitsaktionären, European Law Reporter 2009 p.393-398 (DE)
  2. Grand, Rémi: La CJUE précise l'application de la clause d'exclusion du statut de réfugié pour crimes graves ou terrorisme, L'actualité juridique ; droit administratif 2010 p.2136 (FR)
  3. Aubert, Michel ; Broussy, Emmanuelle ; Donnat, Francis: Chronique de jurisprudence de la CJUE. Réfugiés - Causes d'exclusion du statut, L'actualité juridique ; droit administratif 2010 p.2307-2308 (FR)
  4. Van Eik, Marieke: Asiel en Migrantenrecht 2010 p.546-547 (NL)
  5. Vatovec, Katarina: Zgolj pripadnost teroristični organizaciji ne vodi k izključitvi iz statusa begunca, Pravna praksa 2010 nº 46 p.25-26 (SL)
  6. Gappmaier, Joachim: Vormalige Beteiligung des Antragstellers an den Aktivitäten von terroristischen Organisationen als Grund für den Ausschluss von der Anerkennung als Flüchtling, Fremden- und asylrechtliche Blätter - FABL 2010 n° 3 p.38-42 (DE)
  7. Simon, Denys: Statut de réfugié, Europe 2011 Janvier Comm. nº 1 p.21-22 (FR)
  8. Schieber, Julia: Flüchtlingseigenschaft, Ausschlussgründe, Verhältnis harmonisierter Flüchtlingsstatus zum Asylgrundrecht EZAR NF 68 Nr. 10, Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik 2011 p.145-146 (DE)
  9. Bell, Roland: Ist die EuGH-Rechtsprechung zum Ausschluss vom Flüchtlingsschutz effektiv?, Informationsbrief Ausländerrecht 2011 p.214-215 (DE)
  10. De la Torre Monmany, José María: Sentencia del Tribunal de Justicia (Gran Sala) de 9 de noviembre de 2010, en los asuntos acumulados C-57/09 y C-101/09, República Federal de Alemania contra B (C-57/09) y D (C-101/09), peticiones de decisión prejudicial del Bundesverwaltungsgericht, Cuadernos Europeos de Deusto 2011 nº 45 p.211-221 (ES)
  11. Janků, Linda: Vyloučení osob podezřelých z terorismu z postavení uprchlíka: Sjednocený výklad Soudního dvora EU a jeho aplikace členskými státy, Jurisprudence : specialista na komentování judikatury 2014 nº 1 p.21-28 (CS)
  12. Delzangles, Béatrice ; Louvaris, Antoine: Visas humanitaires et Charte des droits fondamentaux : la confrontation n'a pas eu lieu, Journal de droit européen 2017 nº 239 p.170-176 (FR)
  13. Carlier, Jean-Yves ; Leboeuf, Luc: Droit européen des migrations, Journal de droit européen 2018 p.95-110 (FR)
  14. Carlier, Jean-Yves ; Leboeuf, Luc: Droit européen des migrations, Journal de droit européen 2019 nº 3 p.114-130 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Bundesverwaltungsgericht - Germany

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - asylum policy

Provisions of national law referred to

Ausländergesetz (AuslG), Paragraph 51, Abs. 1 und 2 Aufenthaltsgesetz (AufenthG), Paragraph 60

Ausländergesetz (AuslG), Paragraph 51 Abs. 3 Aufenthaltsgesetz (AufenthG), Paragraph 60 Abs. 8 Asylverfahrensgesetz (AsylVfG), Paragraph 3 Abs. 2 Asylverfahrensgesetz (AsylVfG), Paragraph 73

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Bay Larsen

Advocate General

Mengozzi

Language(s) of the Case

  • German

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • Italian