Judgment of the Court (Third Chamber) of 21 June 2018

Petronas Lubricants Italy SpA v Livio Guida

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Corte d'appello di Torino

Opinion pursuant to Article 218(11) TFEU — Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between Canada, of the one part, and the European Union and its Member States, of the other part (CETA) — Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) — Establishment of a Tribunal and an Appellate Tribunal — Compatibility with primary EU law — Requirement to respect the autonomy of the EU legal order — Level of protection of public interests determined, in accordance with the EU constitutional framework, by the EU institutions — Equal treatment of Canadian investors and EU investors — Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union — Article 20 — Access to the above Tribunals and their independence — Article 47 of the Charter — Financial accessibility — Commitment to guarantee that accessibility for natural persons and small and medium-sized enterprises — External and internal aspects of the requirement of independence — Appointment, remuneration and ethics of the Members — Role of the CETA Joint Committee — Binding interpretations of the CETA determined by that Committee

Case C-1/17

Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
27/07/2018 Petronas Lubricants Italy
21/06/2018 Petronas Lubricants Italy
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
21/06/2018 Petronas Lubricants Italy
21/06/2018 Petronas Lubricants Italy
07/03/2018 Petronas Lubricants Italy
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
24/03/2017 Petronas Lubricants Italy
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

not yet published (Court Reports - general)


Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
06 null
  06.02 null

Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part



Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 02/01/2017

Date of the Opinion

  • 07/03/2018

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery



Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 285 from 13.08.2018, p.8

Application: OJ C 112 from 10.04.2017, p.15

Name of the parties

Petronas Lubricants Italy

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Asser, W.D.H. ; De Boer, Th.M.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2018 Afl.34 p.4624-4625 (NL)
  2. Mankowski, Peter: Widerklage des Arbeitgebers aus nach Klageerhebung abgetretener Konzernforderung vor Gericht der Klage des Arbeitnehmers („Petronas Lubricants Italy“), Entscheidungen zum Wirtschaftsrecht 2018 Heft 18 p.573-574 (DE)
  3. Idot, Laurence: Compétence en matière de contrats de travail, Europe 2018 Août-Septembre Comm. nº 8-9 p.48 (FR)
  4. Wilke, Félix M.: Auf Umwegen zurück zum Wortlaut : Der EuGH zur Widerklage, Zeitschrift für das Privatrecht der Europäischen Union - GPR 2018 N°6 p.283-288 (DE, EN, FR)
  5. Temming, Felipe ; Glatz, Patrick: Aus den Entscheidungsgründen, Zeitschrift für europäisches Sozial- und Arbeitsrecht 2019 p.38-42 (DE)
  6. Lhernould, Jean-Philippe: Conflit de juridictions: devant quel juge porter la demande reconventionnelle de l'employeur ?, La Semaine Juridique - Social 2019 nº 7 p.42-43 (FR)
  7. Iorio, Federica: Opinion 1/17: has the UE made peace with investment arbitration ?, Revue de droit des affaires internationales 2019 p.407-420 (EN, FR)
  8. Culot, Henri: L'avis 1/17 de la Cour de justice : la validation du CETA, mais sous conditions ?, Journal de droit européen 2019 nº 262 p.318-320 (FR)
  9. Brinkmann, Moritz: Zum Zusammenhang zwischen Klage und Widerklage im europäischen Zivilprozessrecht, Praxis des internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts 2019 p.501-506 (DE)

Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Corte d'appello di Torino - Italy


  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

troisième chambre (Cour)



Advocate General


Language(s) of the Case

  • Italian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French