Judgment of the Court of First Instance (Second Chamber, extended composition) of 21 September 2005.

Yassin Abdullah Kadi v Council of the European Union and Commission of the European Communities.

Common foreign and security policy - Restrictive measures taken against persons and entities associated with Usama bin Laden, the Al-Qaeda network and the Taliban - Competence of the Community - Freezing of funds -Fundamental rights - Jus cogens - Review by the Court - Action for annulment.

Case T-315/01.



Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
12/11/2005 Kadi v Council and Commission
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:T:2005:332
21/09/2005 Kadi v Council and Commission
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:T:2005:332
21/09/2005 Kadi v Council and Commission
Application (OJ)
02/03/2002 Kadi v Council and Commission
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2005 II-03649

Subject-matter

Annulment of Commission Regulation (EC) No 2062/2001 of 19 October 2001 amending, for the third time, Council Regulation (EC) No 467/2001 of 6 March 2001 prohibiting the export of certain goods and services to Afghanistan, strengthening the flight ban and extending the freeze of funds and other financial resources in respect of the Taliban of Afghanistan, and repealing Regulation (EC) No 337/2000 (OJ 2001 L 277, p. 25), inasmuch as it adds the applicant to the list of persons to whom and entities to which the freezing of funds under the abovementioned regulation applies

Systematic classification scheme

1.
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-19 Legal proceedings
    B-19.08 Procedural rules
      B-19.08.01 Admissibility and examination of applications, forms of order sought and pleas in law
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-20 Acts of the institutions
    B-20.00 General
G European Union
  G-02 Common foreign and security policy (CFSP)
    G-02.01 Restrictive measures - Freezing of funds and various prohibitions
      G-02.01.01 Legal basis
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-05 Free movement of capital and freedom of payments
G European Union
  G-02 Common foreign and security policy (CFSP)
    G-02.01 Restrictive measures - Freezing of funds and various prohibitions
      G-02.01.00 General
A The Community legal order
  A-04 Community law and international law
    A-04.00 General
G European Union
  G-02 Common foreign and security policy (CFSP)
    G-02.01 Restrictive measures - Freezing of funds and various prohibitions
      G-02.01.03 Relationship to public international law
A The Community legal order
  A-04 Community law and international law
    A-04.00 General
G European Union
  G-02 Common foreign and security policy (CFSP)
    G-02.01 Restrictive measures - Freezing of funds and various prohibitions
      G-02.01.07 Judicial review
A The Community legal order
  A-01 Sources of Community law
    A-01.02 General principles of law
      A-01.02.01 Fundamental rights
        A-01.02.01.01 Right to property
A The Community legal order
  A-04 Community law and international law
    A-04.00 General
G European Union
  G-02 Common foreign and security policy (CFSP)
    G-02.01 Restrictive measures - Freezing of funds and various prohibitions
      G-02.01.07 Judicial review
A The Community legal order
  A-01 Sources of Community law
    A-01.02 General principles of law
      A-01.02.06 Rights of the defence and procedural guarantees
A The Community legal order
  A-04 Community law and international law
    A-04.00 General
G European Union
  G-02 Common foreign and security policy (CFSP)
    G-02.01 Restrictive measures - Freezing of funds and various prohibitions
      G-02.01.05 Rights of the defence
A The Community legal order
  A-01 Sources of Community law
    A-01.02 General principles of law
      A-01.02.11 Right to a judicial remedy
A The Community legal order
  A-04 Community law and international law
    A-04.00 General
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-19 Legal proceedings
    B-19.02 Actions for annulment
      B-19.02.00 General
G European Union
  G-02 Common foreign and security policy (CFSP)
    G-02.01 Restrictive measures - Freezing of funds and various prohibitions
      G-02.01.07 Judicial review


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Opinion

Information not available


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 18/12/2001

Date of the Opinion

Information not available

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

21/09/2005


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 56 from 02.03.2002, p.16

Judgment: OJ C 281 from 12.11.2005, p.17

Name of the parties

Kadi v Council and Commission

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. X: Revue générale de droit international public 2005 p.957-967 (FR)
  2. Zbíral, Robert: Světový boj proti terorismu a základní práva chráněná komunitárním právem: rozpor či soulad?, EMP Jurisprudence 2005 p.40-45 (CS)
  3. Mariatte, Flavien: Sanctions économiques internationales, Europe 2005 Novembre nº 370 p.13 (FR)
  4. Simon, Denys ; Mariatte, Flavien: Le Tribunal de première instance des Communautés: Professeur de droit international? À propos des arrêts Yusuf, Al Barakaat International Foundation et Kadi du 21 septembre 2005, Europe 2005 Décembre nº 12 Etude p.6-10 (FR)
  5. Roldán Barbero, Javier: La justicia comunitaria y el control de legalidad de las resoluciones del Consejo de Seguridad de Naciones Unidas. Comentario a las Sentencias Yusuf/Al Barakaat y Kadi, de 21 de septiembre de 2005, del Tribunal de Primera Instancia de las Comunidades Europeas, Revista española de Derecho Internacional 2005 p.869-891 (ES)
  6. Angelet, Nicolas ; Weerts, Alexandra: La mise en oeuvre par la Communauté européenne des mesures adoptées par les Nations unies en matière de lutte contre le financement du terrorisme, Journal des tribunaux / droit européen 2006 nº 127 p.73-74 (FR)
  7. Van Ooik, R.H. ; Wessel, R.A.: De Yusuf en Kadi-uitspraken in perspectief. Nieuwe verhoudingen in de interne en externe bevoegdheden van de Europese Unie, S.E.W. ; Sociaal-economische wetgeving 2006 p.230-241 (NL)
  8. Steinbarth, Sebastian: Individualrechtsschutz gegen Maßnahmen der EG zur Bekämpfung des internationalen Terrorismus, Zeitschrift für Europarechtliche Studien - ZEuS 2006 p.269-285 (DE)
  9. Bainham, Andrew: Is it Really for the European Community to Implement Anti-terrorism UN Security Council Resolutions?, The Cambridge Law Journal 2006 p.281-288 (EN)
  10. Wessel, Ramses A.: Editorial:The UN, the EU and Jus Cogens, International Organizations Law Review 2006 Vol.3 Nº 1 p.1-6 (EN)
  11. Möllers, Christoph: Das EuG konstitutionalisiert die Vereinten Nationen, Europarecht 2006 p.426-431 (DE)
  12. Von Arnauld, Andreas: UN-Sanktionen und gemeinschaftsrechtlicher Grundrechtsschutz, Archiv des Völkerrechts 2006 p.201-216 (DE)
  13. Gianelli, Alessandra: Il rapporto tra diritto internazionale e diritto comunitario secondo il Tribunale di primo grado delle Comunità europee, Rivista di diritto internazionale 2006 p.131-139 (IT)
  14. Karayigit, Mustafa T.: The Yusuf and Kadi Judgments: The Scope of the EC Competences in Respect of Restrictive Measures, Legal Issues of Economic Integration 2006 p.379-404 (EN)
  15. Brown, Rory: Kadi v Council of the European Union and Commission of the European Communities: Executive Power and Judicial Supervision at European Level, European Human Rights Law Review 2006 p.456-469 (EN)
  16. Pili, Giulia: Comunitarizzazione delle risoluzioni ONU vs controlimiti, Diritto pubblico comparato ed europeo 2006 p.1232-1236 (IT)
  17. Novi, Criseide: Le sanzioni contro i talibani, Osama bin Laden e Al-Qaeda al vaglio del Tribunale di primo grado della Comunità europea per (presunta) violazione dei diritti fondamentali, Diritto pubblico comparato ed europeo 2006 p.1259-1282 (IT)
  18. Bartoloni, Maria Eugenia: L'ambito di applicazione ratione personae degli articoli 301 e 60 TCE nelle recenti sentenze Yusuf e Kadi, Il diritto dell'Unione Europea 2006 p.317-332 (IT)
  19. Conforti, Benedetto: Decisioni del Consiglio di sicurezza e diritti fondamentali in una bizzarra sentenza del Tribunale comunitario di primo grado, Il diritto dell'Unione Europea 2006 p.333-345 (IT)
  20. Bonetti, Paolo: In nome della sicurezza internazionale si possono limitare i diritti di difesa, di giusto processo e di proprietà di potenziali finanziatori del terrorismo?, Quaderni costituzionali 2006 p.144-149 (IT)
  21. Hörmann, Saskia: Völkerrecht bricht Rechtsgemeinschaft? - Zu den rechtlichen Folgen einer Umsetzung von Resolutionen des UN-Sicherheitsrates durch die EG, Archiv des Völkerrechts 2006 Bd.44 Heft 3 p.267-327 (DE)
  22. Chiti, Edoardo: La prevalenza del diritto delle Nazioni Unite su quello europeo, Giornale di diritto amministrativo 2006 p.150-155 (IT)
  23. Della Cananea, Giacinto: Una indebita limitazione del due process of law da parte delle Nazioni Unite e dell'Unione europea, Giornale di diritto amministrativo 2006 p.155-160 (IT)
  24. Georgopoulos, Th.: I apopeira elenchou ton apofaseon tou Symvouliou Asfaleias apo ton koinotiko dikasti: apo ta themeliodi dikaiomata sto jus cogens, Efimerida Dioikitikou Dikaiou 2006 p.632-638 (EL)
  25. Tomuschat, Christian: Common Market Law Review 2006 p.537-551 (EN)
  26. Vlcek, William: Acts to Combat the Financing of Terrorism: Common Foreign and Security Policy at the European Court of Justice, European Foreign Affairs Review 2006 p.491-507 (EN)
  27. Aust, Helmut Philipp ; Naske, Nina: Rechtsschutz gegen den UN-Sicherheitsrat durch europäische Gerichte? Die Rechtsprechung des EuG zur Umsetzung "gezielter Sanktionen" aus dem Blickwinkel des Völkerrechts, Österreichische Zeitschrift für öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht 2006 p.587-623 (DE)
  28. Blázquez Navarro, Irene ; Espósito Massicci, Carlos: Los límites al control judicial de las medidas de aplicación de la política exterior en los asuntos Ahmed Ali Yusuf/Al Barakaat International Foundation y Yassin Abdullah Kadi, Revista española de Derecho Europeo 2006 nº 17 p.123-148 (ES)
  29. Frank, Daniel: UNO- Sanktionen gegen Terrorismus und Europäische Menschenrechtskonvention (EMRK), Human rights, democracy and the rule of law = Menschenrechte, Demokratie und Rechtsstaat = Droits de l'homme, démocratie et Etat de droit : liber amicorum Luzius Wildhaber 2007 p.237-260 (DE)
  30. De la Rosa, Stéphane: La mise en oeuvre des résolutions du Conseil de sécurité confrontée aux exigences de la Communauté de droit. Réflexions sur l'arrêt Kadi, Revue des affaires européennes 2007-08 p.317-339 (FR)
  31. Janssens, Christine: Het Kadi-arrest van het Hof van Justitie inzake terrorismelijsten. De beslechting van enkele hete hangijzers met betrekking tot interne en externe bevoegdheidsafbakening en rechtsbescherming, Rechtskundig weekblad 2008-09 p.1410-1426 (NL)
  32. Ripol Carulla, Santiago: Los asuntos Kadi, Yusuf y Chafiq Ayadi: cuestiones de derecho internacional, Revista vasca de administración pública 2008 nº 82 p.253-273 (ES)
  33. Kjeldgaard-Pedersen, Astrid: Nye bidrag til debatten om internationale normkonflikter?, EU-ret & menneskeret 2008 p.323-336 (DA)
  34. Cappuccio, Laura: Il controllo della Corte di Giustizia sugli atti comunitari tra tutela giurisdizionale dei diritti e lotta al terrorismo internazionale, Quaderni costituzionali 2008 p.903-906 (IT)
  35. Svoboda, Pavel: Znovu k hospodářské podpoře terorismu v judikmaruře EU, Trestněprávní revue 2009 p.9-13 (CS)
  36. Spranger, Tade Matthias: Europäischer Grundrechtsschutz im Kontext vernetzter Rechtsordnungen, Europarecht 2009 p.514-527 (DE)
  37. Bílková, V.: Protiteroristické finanční sankce Evropské unie: případy Kadi, Yusuf, Al Barakaat a PMOI, Právní rozhledy : casopis pro vsechna právní odvetví 2009 p.764-771 (CS)
  38. Pirrone, Pasquale: Attuazione delle risoluzioni del Consiglio di sicurezza contro il terrorismo e tutela giurisdizionale dei diritti fondamentali nell'ordinamento comunitario: la sentenza della Corte di giustizia relativa ai casi Kadi e Al Barakaat, Diritti umani e diritto internazionale 2009 p.55-83 (IT)
  39. Banu, Mihai ; Groza, Anamaria: Spre o nouǎ ierarhizare a dreptului? Observații pe marginea hotǎrârilor pronunțate de instanțele comunitare în cauzele Kadi, Revista românǎ de drept comunitar 2009 nº 5 p.129-181 (RO)
  40. Colneric, Ninon: Grundrechtsschutz bei gemeinschaftsrechtlich umgesetzten Individualsanktionen der UNO, Festschrift für Renate Jaeger (Ed. N. P. Engel Verlag - Kehl am Rhein) 2010 p.743-758 (DE)
  41. Griller, Stefan: Die Bindung der Europäischen Union an das Recht der Vereinten Nationen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Rechtswirkungen von Beschlüssen des Sicherheitsrates im Unionsrecht, Europarecht - Beiheft 2 2012 p.103-121 (DE)
  42. Witte, Andreas: Viel Lärm um nichts? - Wirkung und Normenhierarchie des Völkerrechts im Unionsrecht vor und nach Kadi, Österreichische Zeitschrift für öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht 2012 p.679-702 (DE)
  43. Vatsov, Mihail: Security Council Referrals to the ICC and EU Fundamental Rights: A Test for ECJ's Stance in Kadi I, Hague Yearbook of International Law 2012 p.79-104 (EN)
  44. Buszewski, Sinthiou ; Gött, Henner: German Yearbook of International Law (Ed. Duncker & Humblot -Berlin) 2014 p.507-540 (EN)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Free movement of capital
  • External relations
  • - Common foreign and security policy

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Actions for annulment : case not proceeding to judgment
  • Actions for annulment : dismissal on substantive grounds

Formation of the Court

deuxième chambre élargie (Tribunal)

Judge-Rapporteur

Forwood

Advocate General

Information not available

Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

    Information not available