Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 18 May 2021

Asociaţia “Forumul Judecătorilor din România” and Others v Inspecţia Judiciară and Others

Requests for a preliminary ruling from theTribunalul Olt and Others

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Treaty of Accession of the Republic of Bulgaria and Romania to the European Union – Act concerning the conditions of accession to the European Union of the Republic of Bulgaria and Romania – Articles 37 and 38 – Appropriate measures – Mechanism for cooperation and verification of progress in Romania to address specific benchmarks in the areas of judicial reform and the fight against corruption – Decision 2006/928/EC – Legal nature and effects of the cooperation and verification mechanism and of the reports established by the Commission on the basis of that mechanism – Rule of law – Judicial independence – Second subparagraph of Article 19(1) TEU – Article 47 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union – Laws and government emergency ordinances adopted in Romania in the course of 2018 and 2019 concerning the organisation of the judicial system and the liability of judges – Interim appointment to management positions of the Judicial Inspectorate – Establishment of a section within the Public Prosecutor’s Office for the investigation of offences committed within the judicial system – Financial liability of the State and personal liability of judges in the event of judicial error

Joined Cases C-83/19, C-127/19, C-195/19, C-291/19, C-355/19 and C-397/19


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2021:393
18/05/2021 Asociaţia "Forumul Judecătorilor din România"
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Abstract
ECLI:EU:C:2021:393
18/05/2021 Asociaţia "Forumul Judecătorilor din România"
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2020:746
23/09/2020 Asociaţia "Forumul Judecătorilor din România"
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
17/05/2019 Asociaţia "Forumul Judecătorilor din România"
Request for a preliminary ruling
05/02/2019 Asociaţia "Forumul Judecătorilor din România"
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

not yet published (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.02 Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.03 Obligation of good faith
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.03 Obligation of good faith
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.03 Obligation of good faith
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.03 Obligation of good faith
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.48 Presumption of innocence and right of defence
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.03 Obligation of good faith
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.03 Obligation of good faith
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.05 EU law and national law
    1.05.01 Direct effect, primacy and uniform application of EU law


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 05/02/2019

Date of the Opinion

  • 23/09/2020

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

18/05/2021


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Information not available

Name of the parties

Asociaţia "Forumul Judecătorilor din România"

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Simon, Denys: Droits fondamentaux - Système judiciaire national, Europe 2021, nº 7 Juillet, comm. 241 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Tribunalul Mehedinţi - Romania

Subject-matter

  • Accession
  • Justice and home affairs

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling
  • Reference for a preliminary ruling : dismissal on grounds of inadmissibility

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

von Danwitz

Advocate General

Bobek

Language(s) of the Case

  • Romanian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • English