Judgment of the Court of 5 November 2002.

Commission of the European Communities v Kingdom of Denmark.

Failure by a Member State to fulfil its obligations - Conclusion and application by a Member State of a bilateral 'open skies' agreement with the United States of America - Secondary legislation governing the internal air transport market (Regulations (EEC) Nos 2299/89, 2407/92, 2408/92, 2409/92 and 95/93) - External competence of the Community - Article 52 of the EC Treaty (now, after amendment, Article 43 EC) - Article 5 of the EC Treaty (now Article 10 EC).

Case C-467/98.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
21/12/2002 Commission v Denmark
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2002:625
05/11/2002 Commission v Denmark
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2002:625
05/11/2002 Commission v Denmark
Opinion
31/01/2002 Commission v Denmark
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2002 I-09519

Subject-matter

Failure by a Member State to fulfil obligations ─ Breach of Community law governing the internal market in air transport (Regulations No 2407/92, No 2408/92, No 2409/92) and of Articles 5 and 52 of the EC Treaty (now Articles 10 and 43 EC) ─ Conclusion and application of a bilateral "Open Skies" agreement with the United States

Systematic classification scheme

1.
A The Community legal order
  A-04 Community law and international law
    A-04.01 Rights of non-member countries under prior agreements
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-25 International agreements
    B-25.06 Observance of prior international agreements concluded by Member States
      B-25.06.00 General
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-25 International agreements
    B-25.02 Negotiation and conclusion
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-25 International agreements
    B-25.02 Negotiation and conclusion
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-06 Transport
    B-06.05 Air transport
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-25 International agreements
    B-25.02 Negotiation and conclusion
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.03 Freedom of establishment
      B-04.03.00 General


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Opinion

Information not available


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 18/12/1998

Date of the Opinion

  • 31/01/2002

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

05/11/2002


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 71 from 13.03.1999, p.8

Judgment: OJ C 323 from 21.12.2002, p.2

Name of the parties

Commission v Denmark

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Grard, Loïc: La Cour de justice des Communautés européennes et la dimension externe du marché unique des transports aériens, Cahiers de droit européen 2002 p.695-733
  2. Alemanno, A.: La jurisprudence de la Cour de justice et du Tribunal de première instance. Chronique des arrêts. Arrêts "Open Skies", Revue du droit de l'Union européenne 2002 nº 4 p.838-841
  3. Würfel, Christine: Statt "Open Sky" jetzt "Single European Sky", European Law Reporter 2003 p.11-12
  4. Van der Burg, F.H.: Administratiefrechtelijke beslissingen ; Rechtspraak bestuursrecht 2003 nº 39
  5. Pitschas, Christian: EuGH: Open-Skies-Abkommen mit USA, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2003 p.92-94
  6. Clark, Braedon: The Limitation on Benefits Clause Under an Open Sky, European Taxation 2003 p.22-26
  7. Lavranos, Nikolaos: Legal Issues of Economic Integration 2003 p.81-91
  8. Belorgey, Jean-Marc ; Gervasoni, Stéphane ; Lambert, Christian: L'actualité juridique ; droit administratif 2003 p.382-383
  9. Sico, Luigi: Il diritto comunitario del trasporto aereo e gli accordi Open Sky individualmente conclusi con gli Stati Uniti da alcuni Stati membri, Diritto pubblico comparato ed europeo 2003 p.475-481
  10. Wassenbergh, Henri: The Decision of the ECJ of 5 November 2002 in the "Open Skies" Agreements Cases, Air and Space Law 2003 p.19-31
  11. Barone, A.: Il Foro italiano 2003 IV Col.193-194
  12. X: Reports of the House of Lords Select Committee on the European Communities 2003 p.15-22
  13. Slot, Piet Jan ; Dutheil de la Rochère, Jacqueline: Common Market Law Review 2003 p.697-713
  14. Stadlmeier, Sigmar: Das Ende einer Ära? Die Open Skies-Urteile des EuGH, Zeitschrift für öffentliches Recht 2003 Bd.58 Heft 2 p.163-195
  15. Bentzien, Joachim: Die Urteile des EuGH vom 5. November 2002 betreffend die Zuständigkeit der EG für Luftverkehrsabkommen mit Drittstaaten, Zeitschrift für Luft- und Weltraumrecht 2003 p.153-174
  16. Schulte-Strathaus, Ulrich: Die Europäische Luftfahrt in der Zeit nach den "Open Skies"-Urteilen des Europäischen Gerichtshofs, Zeitschrift für Luft- und Weltraumrecht 2003 p.314-321
  17. De Ceulaer, Stefaan: Community Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment: One Step Closer to the Multilateralization of Income Tax Treaties in the European Union?, Bulletin for International Fiscal Documentation 2003 p.493-502
  18. Martín y Pérez de Nanclares, José: Hacia una política transatlántica de cielos abiertos, Revista de Derecho Comunitario Europeo 2003 p.241-264
  19. Gimeno Verdejo, Carlos: Crónica de la Jurisprudencia del Tribunal de Justicia de las Comunidades Europeas. Las sentencias sobre los acuerdos de "cielo abierto". Reconocimiento de la competencia comunitaria para la negociación de acuerdos relativos a servicios de transporte aéreo, Cuadernos Europeos de Deusto 2003 nº 28 p.141-147
  20. Heffernan, Liz ; McAuliffe, Conor: External relations in the air transport sector: the Court of Justice and the open skies agreements, European Law Review 2003 p.601-619
  21. Dehousse, Franklin ; Maczkovics, Carole: Les arrêts open skies de la Cour de justice: l'abandon de la compétence externe implicite de la Communauté?, Journal des tribunaux / droit européen 2003 nº 102 p.225-236
  22. Girón Larrucea, José Antonio: Las competencias externas de la CE. Las Sentencias "cielos abiertos" de 5 de noviembre de 2002, Noticias de la Unión Europea 2003 nº 226 p.53-63
  23. Sevinga, K.: Open Skies-arresten en wat erop volgde, Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht 2003 p.321-325
  24. Huttunen, Mikko: Kansainvälinen lentoliikenne murroksessa - Euroopan yhteisöjen tuomioistuimen ns. Open Skies-tuomioiden ja niiden seurausten arviointia, Defensor Legis 2003 nº 6 p.1095-1100
  25. Niedźwiedź, Monika: Kilka uwag na temat znaczenia orzeczeń Europejskiego Trybunału Sprawiedliwości z 5 listopada 2002 r. dotyczacych tzw. umów "otwartego nieba", Przegląd prawa europejskiego 2004 p.28-41
  26. Hoffmeister, Frank: Bilateral air transport agreements between several EU member states and the United States ("open skies") - right to establishment under European law - external competence of the European Community, American Journal of International Law 2004 p.567-572
  27. Lega, Alessandro: La competenza esterna della Comunità in materia di trasporto aereo, Diritto comunitario e degli scambi internazionali 2004 p.35-54
  28. Franklin, Christian N.K.: Flexibility vs. Legal Certainty: Article 307 EC and Other Issues in the Aftermath of the Open Skies Cases, European Foreign Affairs Review 2005 p.79-115
  29. Mendes de Leon, Pablo: Liberalising International Aviation with the ECJ Judgment re Open Skies and the Community Clause, Project 2001 Plus : global and European challenges for air and space law at the edge of the 21st century : proceedings of an International Symposium, Cologne 8-10 June 2005, to conclude "Project 2001 Plus" a joint project (Ed. Heymann - Köln) 2006 p.119-127
  30. Lykotrafiti, Antigoni: European Commission v The Netherlands: a Reminder of the 2002 Open Skies Judgments in the Light of the First EU-US Air Transport Agreement, European Competition Law Review 2007 p.578-583
  31. Borghetti, Daniele: Il caso Open Skies, Quaderni costituzionali 2007 p.659-662
  32. Bentzien, Joachim: Die Luftverkehrsaußenpolitik der EU nach den "Open Skies"-Urteilen des EuGH vom 5. November 2002, Zeitschrift für Luft- und Weltraumrecht 2009 p.566-586
  33. Mengozzi, Paolo: The EC External Competencies: From the ERTA Case to the Opinion in the Lugano Convention, The Past and Future of EU Law. The Classics of EU Law Revisited on the 50th Anniversary of the Rome Treaty 2010 p.213-217
  34. Eeckhout, Piet: Bold Constitutionalism and Beyond, The Past and Future of EU Law. The Classics of EU Law Revisited on the 50th Anniversary of the Rome Treaty 2010 p.218-223
  35. Sales Pallarés, Lorena: El cielo ¿(in)finito?: los cielos abiertos y las competencias externas de la Unión Europea, Gaceta Jurídica de la C.E. y de la Competencia - Boletín 2010 nº 13 p.67-77



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Transport
  • Freedom of establishment
  • Principles, objectives and tasks of the Treaties

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Action for a declaration of failure to fulfil obligations : application granted
  • Action for a declaration of failure to fulfil obligations : dismissal on substantive grounds

Formation of the Court

Cour plénière (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Skouris

Advocate General

Tizzano

Language(s) of the Case

  • Danish

Language(s) of the Opinion

    Information not available