Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 19 June 2018

Sadikou Gnandi v État belge

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Conseil d'État

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Area of freedom, security and justice — Return of illegally staying third-country nationals — Directive 2008/115/EC — Article 3(2) — Concept of ‘illegal stay’ — Article 6 — Adoption of a return decision before resolution of an appeal against the decision of the determining authority rejecting the application for international protection — Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union — Article 18, Article 19(2) and Article 47 — Principle of non-refoulement — Right to an effective remedy — Authorisation to remain in a Member State

Case C-181/16


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
27/07/2018 Gnandi
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2018:465
19/06/2018 Gnandi
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2018:465
19/06/2018 Gnandi
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2017:830
25/10/2017 Gnandi
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2017:467
15/06/2017 Gnandi
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2017:467
15/06/2017 Gnandi
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
13/05/2016 Gnandi
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.02 Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.02 Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.04 Immigration policy
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.04 Immigration policy
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.04 Immigration policy


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 31/03/2016

Date of the Opinion

  • 15/06/2017

  • 22/02/2018

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

19/06/2018


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 285 from 13.08.2018, p.4

Application: OJ C 191 from 30.05.2016, p.21

Name of the parties

Gnandi

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Gazin, Fabienne: Notion de séjour irrégulier, Europe 2018 Août-Septembre Comm. nº 8-9 p.24-25 (FR)
  2. Gutmann, Rolf: Rückführungsschutz eines Asylbewerbers, Neue Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsrecht 2018 p.1629-1630 (DE)
  3. Wittkopp, Silke: Abschiebung abgelehnter Asylbewerber im Einklang mit Unionsrecht - Das Urteil „Gnandi“ des EuGH, Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik 2018 p.325-331 (DE)
  4. Slingenberg, Lieneke: Illegaal verblijf met toestemming, Asiel en Migrantenrecht 2018 N° 10 p.496-501 (NL)
  5. Walbert-Satek, Anna: Verfahrensgarantien für rückkehrentscheidungen im Asylverfahren, Migralex 2018 N°2 p.34-45 (DE)
  6. Carlier, Jean-Yves ; Leboeuf, Luc: Droit européen des migrations, Journal de droit européen 2019 nº 3 p.114-130 (FR)
  7. Wittmann, Philipp: Die Ablehnung des Asylantrags als „offensichtlich unbegründet“ nach EuGH Rs. EUGH Aktenzeichen C-181/16 („Gnandi“) und EUGH Aktenzeichen C-269/18 PPU („C, J und S“), Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik 2019 p.45-53 (DE)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Conseil d'État - Belgium

Subject-matter

  • Justice and home affairs
  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - asylum policy
  • Fundamental rights
  • - Charter of Fundamental Rights

Provisions of national law referred to

Loi sur l’accès au territoire, le séjour, l’établissement et l’éloignement des étrangers, article 52/3, paragraphe 1er, alinéas 1er et 2 et article 39/70, alinéa 1er

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

von Danwitz

Advocate General

Mengozzi

Mengozzi

Language(s) of the Case

  • French

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French