Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 7 September 2004.

Michel Trojani v Centre public d'aide sociale de Bruxelles (CPAS).

Reference for a preliminary ruling: Tribunal du travail de Bruxelles - Belgium.

Freedom of movement of persons - Citizenship of the European Union - Right of residence - Directive 90/364/EEC - Limitations and conditions - Person working in a hostel in return for benefits in kind - Entitlement to social assistance benefits.

Case C-456/02.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
23/10/2004 Trojani
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2004:488
07/09/2004 Trojani
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2004:488
07/09/2004 Trojani
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2004:112
19/02/2004 Trojani
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
22/02/2003 Trojani
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2004 I-07573

Subject-matter

Preliminary ruling ─ Tribunal du travail de Bruxelles ─ Interpretation of Articles 18, 39, 43 and 49 EC, Article 7(1) of Council Regulation No 1612/68 on freedom of movement for workers within the Community and Council Directive 90/364/EEC on the right of residence ─ Right of residence for a person without sufficient resources, working some thirty hours per week at a hostel (here the Salvation Army) in return for benefits in kind covering his essential needs in the hostel itself ─ Entitlement of such a person to social assistance benefits

Systematic classification scheme

1.
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.03 Freedom of establishment
      B-04.03.00 General
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.04 Freedom to provide services
      B-04.04.00 General
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.02 Workers
      B-04.02.00 General
A The Community legal order
  A-01 Sources of Community law
    A-01.02 General principles of law
      A-01.02.00 General
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-01 Principles and citizenship of the Union
    B-01.05 Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of nationality
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-01 Principles and citizenship of the Union
    B-01.08 Citizenship of the Union


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 18/12/2002

Date of the Opinion

  • 19/02/2004

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

07/09/2004


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 44 from 22.02.2003, p.13

Judgment: OJ C 262 from 23.10.2004, p.7

Name of the parties

Trojani

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Keunen, F.W.M.: Rechtspraak sociale verzekering 2004 nº 319 (NL)
  2. Hühn, Uta: Neues zu den Rechten auf Aufenthalt und Inländergleichbehandlung, European Law Reporter 2004 p.409-412 (DE)
  3. Simon, Denys: Vers une autonomisation limitée des droits attachés à la citoyenneté européenne? Le droit de séjour d'un ressortissant français accueilli dans un foyer de l'Armée du Salut examiné à la fois au regard des règles sur la libre circulation des personnes, des règles sur la citoyenneté européenne et du principe de non discrimination, Europe 2004 Novembre Comm. nº 347 p.10-11 (FR)
  4. De Waele, H.: Vrij verkeer van personen en het recht op sociale uitkeringen: de Europese burger als paard van Troje, Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht 2004 p.321-325 (NL)
  5. Kotschy, B.: Droit au minimex en vertu de la citoyenneté? - Arrêt "Trojani", Revue du droit de l'Union européenne 2004 nº 2 p.327-330 (FR)
  6. Van Ooik, R.H. ; Schrauwen, A.A.M.: S.E.W. ; Sociaal-economische wetgeving 2005 p.42-46 (NL)
  7. Mok, M.R.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2005 nº 198 (NL)
  8. Wollenschläger, Ferdinand: Aufenthaltsrecht und Sozialhilfe für Unionsbürger ohne wirtschaftliche Tätigkeit, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2005 p.309-312 (DE)
  9. Sander, Florian: Die Unionsbürgerschaft als Türöffner zu mitgliedstaatlichen Sozialversicherungssystemen?, Deutsches Verwaltungsblatt 2005 p.1014-1022 (DE)
  10. Van der Mei, A.P.: Union Citizenship and the "De-Nationalisation" of the Territorial Welfare State. Comments on Case C-456/02 Trojani and Case C-209/03 Bidar, European Journal of Migration and Law 2005 p.207-211 (EN)
  11. Kessler, Francis: Sur les conditions d'accès d'un citoyen de l'Union européenne au bénéfice d'une prestation d'aide sociale, Revue de droit sanitaire et social 2005 p.249-252 (FR)
  12. Kaidatzis, Akritas: Elliniki Epitheorisi Evropaïkou Dikaiou 2005 p.151-155 (EL)
  13. Miglioranza, Marika: Libera circolazione, diritto a prestazioni sociali dei cittadini europei e diritto derivato di soggiorno dei cittadini dei Paesi terzi, Giustizia civile 2005 I p.2897-2906 (IT)
  14. Willmann, Christophe: L'actualité de la jurisprudence communautaire et internationale, Revue de jurisprudence sociale 2005 p.12-15 (FR)
  15. Lamačková, Daniela: Rozsudok "Trojani", Výber z rozhodnutí Súdneho dvora Európskych spoločenstiev 2006 p.44-54 (SK)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Tribunal du travail de Bruxelles - Belgium

Subject-matter

  • Freedom of movement for workers
  • Freedom of establishment
  • Freedom to provide services
  • Citizenship of the Union
  • - Right of entry and residence
  • non-discrimination
  • - Non-discrimination on grounds of nationality

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Cunha Rodrigues

Advocate General

Geelhoed

Language(s) of the Case

  • French

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • Dutch