Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 17 April 2018

European Commission v Republic of Poland

Failure of a Member State to fulfil obligations — Environment — Directive 92/43/EEC — Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora — Article 6(1) and (3) — Article 12(1) — Directive 2009/147/EC — Conservation of wild birds — Articles 4 and 5 — ‘Puszcza Białowieska’ Natura 2000 site — Amendment of the forest management plan — Increase in the volume of harvestable timber — Plan or project not directly necessary to the management of the site that is likely to have a significant effect on it — Appropriate assessment of the implications for the site — Adverse effect on the integrity of the site — Actual implementation of the conservation measures — Effects on the breeding sites and resting places of the protected species

Case C-441/17


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
25/05/2018 Commission v Poland (Białowieża Forest)
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2018:255
17/04/2018 Commission v Poland (Białowieża Forest)
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2018:255
17/04/2018 Commission v Poland (Białowieża Forest)
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2018:80
20/02/2018 Commission v Poland (Białowieża Forest)
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2017:877
20/11/2017 Commission v Poland (Białowieża Forest)
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2017:877
20/11/2017 Commission v Poland (Białowieża Forest)
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2017:794
11/10/2017 Commission v Poland (Białowieża Forest)
Application (OJ)
22/09/2017 Commission v Poland (Białowieża Forest)
View pdf documents
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2017:622
27/07/2017 Commission v Poland (Białowieża Forest)
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
3 Legal proceedings
  3.01 Actions for failure to fulfil obligations
    3.01.00 General
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.23 Environment, sustainable development and climate
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.23 Environment, sustainable development and climate
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.23 Environment, sustainable development and climate
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.23 Environment, sustainable development and climate
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.23 Environment, sustainable development and climate
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.23 Environment, sustainable development and climate
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.23 Environment, sustainable development and climate


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 20/07/2017

Date of the Opinion

  • 20/02/2018

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

17/04/2018


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 200 from 11.06.2018, p.20

Application: OJ C 338 from 09.10.2017, p.9

Name of the parties

Commission v Poland (Białowieża Forest)

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Wiewiórowska-Domagalska, Aneta: Escape into Private Law as a Means to Avoid Applying EU Law - How Luxembourg is Trying to Save Puszcza Białowieska against Warsaw, Osteuropa-Recht : Gegenwartsfragen aus den Rechten des Ostens 2017 p.444-461 (EN)
  2. Roset, Sébastien: Protection des habitats et des espèces, Europe 2018 Juin Comm. nº 6 p.29-30 (FR)
  3. Braig, Katharina Franziska: EuGH setzt klares Zeichen gegen massive Abholzungen, Natur und Recht 2018 p.321-324 (DE)
  4. Petit, Yves: La Pologne doit cesser immédiatement les opérations de gestion active dans la forêt de Bialowieska, Revue de droit rural 2018 nº 465 p.44 (FR)
  5. Coutron, Laurent: La Cour de justice au secours de la forêt de Białowieska, Revue trimestrielle de droit européen 2018 p.321-330 (FR)
  6. Joris, T. ; Van der Jeught, S.: Het Europees Hof van Justitie oordeelt voor het eerst dat het in een kortgedingprocedure voorlopige maatregelen kan opleggen op straffe van een dwangsom, S.E.W. : Tijdschrift voor Europees en economisch recht 2018 p.467-468 (NL)
  7. Petit, Yves: Condamnation de la Pologne pour avoir manqué aux obligations lui incombant en vertu des directives "Habitats" et "Oiseaux", Revue de droit rural 2018 nº 467 p.73-75 (FR)
  8. Darpö, Jan: Bara en liten skalbagge i en polsk skog ? Om C-441/17 Biakowieźa och EU-domstolens nyfunna möjlighet att beivra domstolstrots, Europarättslig tidskrift 2018 nº 4 p.687-694 (SV)
  9. Krämer, Ludwig: Injunctive Relief in Environmental Matters, Journal for European Environmental & Planning Law 2018 Vol.15 N°2 p.259-267 (EN)
  10. Zawodziński, Konrad: ZARZĄDZENIE ŚRODKÓW TYMCZASOWYCH W SPRAWIE ZE SKARGI KOMISJI EUROPEJSKIEJ DOTYCZĄCEJ PUSZCZY BIAŁOWIESKIEJ - GLOSA DO POSTANOWIENIA TRYBUNAŁU SPRAWIEDLIWOŚCI UNII EUROPEJSKIEJ Z 20.11.2017 R., C-441/17 R KOMISJA P. POLSCE, Palestra: Pismo Adwokatury Polskiej 2019 Vol.1-2 p.143-151 (PL)
  11. Wennerås, Pål: Saving a forest and the rule of law: Commission v. Poland, Common Market Law Review 2019 Vol.56 N°2 p.541- 558 (EN)
  12. Przemyslaw, Tacik: Poland's Defiance Against the CJEU in the Puszcza Bialowieska Case (C-441/17), The Eurosceptic Challenge (HART) 2019 p.67-86 (EN)
  13. Thieffry, Patrick: Observations à l'arrêt du 17 avril 2018, Commission européenne contre République de Pologne, affaire C-441/17, Jurisprudence de la CJUE 2018. Décisions et commentaires 2019, p.400-407 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Environment

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Action for a declaration of failure to fulfil obligations : application granted

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Regan

Advocate General

Bot

Language(s) of the Case

  • Polish

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French