Judgment of the Court (First Chamber) of 22 December 2010.

Barbara Mercredi v Richard Chaffe.

Reference for a preliminary ruling: Court of Appeal (England & Wales) (Civil Division) - United Kingdom.

Judicial cooperation in civil matters - Regulation (EC) No 2201/2003 - Matrimonial matters and parental responsibility - Child whose parents are not married - Concept of ‘habitual residence’ of an infant - Concept of ‘rights of custody’.

Case C-497/10 PPU.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
19/02/2011 Mercredi
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2010:829
22/12/2010 Mercredi
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2010:829
22/12/2010 Mercredi
View
ECLI:EU:C:2010:738
06/12/2010 Mercredi
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
04/12/2010 Mercredi
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2010 I-14309

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.10 Measures concerning family law
        4.06.02.10.01 Jurisdiction and enforcement of judgments - matrimonial matters and matters of parental responsibility
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.10 Measures concerning family law
        4.06.02.10.01 Jurisdiction and enforcement of judgments - matrimonial matters and matters of parental responsibility
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.10 Measures concerning family law
        4.06.02.10.01 Jurisdiction and enforcement of judgments - matrimonial matters and matters of parental responsibility


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 18/10/2010

Date of the Opinion

  • 06/12/2010

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

22/12/2010


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 328 from 04.12.2010, p.26

Judgment: OJ C 55 from 19.02.2011, p.17

Name of the parties

Mercredi

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Alvarez González, Santiago: Revista española de Derecho Internacional 2010 p.251-254 (ES)
  2. Henrich, Dieter: Zeitschrift für das gesamte Familienrecht 2011 p.620-621 (DE)
  3. Idot, Laurence: Compétence en cas de déplacement d'enfant et résidence habituelle, Europe 2011 Mars Comm. nº 3 p.26 (FR)
  4. Mankowski, Peter: Der gewöhnliche Aufenthalt eines verbrachten Kindes unter der Brüssel IIa-VO - Anmerkung zu EuGH, Urt. v. 22.12.2010 - Rs. C-497/10 PPU, Zeitschrift für Gemeinschaftsprivatrecht 2011 p.209-213 (DE)
  5. De Boer, Th.M.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2011 nº 500 (NL)
  6. Siehr, Kurt: Kindesentführung und EuEheVO - Vorfragen und gewöhnlicher Aufenthalt im Europäischen Kollisionsrecht, Praxis des internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts 2012 p.316-320 (DE)
  7. Benko, Radoslav: Rozsudok "MERCREDI", Výber z rozhodnutí Súdneho dvora Európskych spoločenstiev 2012 nº 3 p.29-32 (SK)
  8. Bouček, Vilim: Uobičajeno boravište u hrvatskom međunarodnom privatnom pravu, Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu 2015 n° 6 p.885-914 (HR)
  9. Bouček, Vilim: Uobičajeno boravište u europskome međunarodnom privatnom pravu, Pravo i porezi 2016 n° 1 p.40-48 (HR)
  10. Pailler, Ludovic: La portée de l'obligation de reconnaître une décision relative à la garde d'un enfant émanant de la juridiction de l'État membre dans lequel l'enfant a été déplacé en application du réglement n° 2201/2003 "Bruxelles II bis", Journal du droit international 2016 N°2 p.593-603 (FR)
  11. Egea, Vincent ; Guinchard , Emmanuel: Espace judiciaire européen en matière civile, Revue trimestrielle de droit européen 2017 n°4 p.849-852 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Court of Appeal (England & Wales) (Civil Division) - United Kingdom

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters

Provisions of national law referred to

Children Act 1989, section 8 Family Law Act 1986, section 2; section 3

Provisions of international law referred to

Convention de La Haye sur les aspects civils de l’enlèvement international d’enfants (25/10/1980), articles 3 et 5 Convention européenne de sauvegarde des Droits de l'Homme et des Libertés fondamentales (04/11/1950), article 8

Procedure and result

  • Preliminary reference - urgent procedure

Formation of the Court

première chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Levits

Advocate General

Cruz Villalón

Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French